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15 juin 2017 4 15 /06 /juin /2017 06:44
Publish Date: 2017/06/13
Ashrawi accuses the US of leading international efforts to discredit Palestinians
 
 
 

RAMALLAH, June 13, 2017 (WAFA) - Member of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization Hanan Ashrawi Tuesday accused the United States of leading international efforts and of spending billions of dollars to distort the Palestinian reality at all levels in order to prevent the International Criminal Court from opening an official investigation into Israel’s violations that would lead to its prosecution.

She told Voice of Palestine radio that pressure and blackmail are being exerted at United Nations member states in the framework of a crusade to defend Israel.

Ashrawi was clearly referring to the efforts by the US ambassador to the UN, Nikki Haley, a strong pro-Israel politician, who took it upon herself to act as Israel's advocate at all UN and international forums.

On the other hand, Ashrawi explained that statements made by Israeli Education Minister Naftali Bennett, in which he said he prefers a united Jerusalem over a political solution, reflect what Israel is doing on the ground to create the so-called “Greater Israel” on the territory of the historic state of Palestine.

Ashrawi said the international community is intentionally closing its eyes to Israeli violations to avoid seeing the facts as they are in order not to have to face them.

In addition, she said, some Arab countries are going along with the rational of giving Israel prior rewards while pressuring the Palestinians to make concessions to reach a final peace settlement.

M.K.

 

http://english.wafa.ps/page.aspx?id=qj2Whqa91081810347aqj2Whq

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15 juin 2017 4 15 /06 /juin /2017 06:34

Publish Date: 2017/06/14

Israel demolishes Naqab Bedouin village for 114th time
 
 
 

NAQAB, June 14, 2017 (WAFA) – Israeli authorities Wednesday demolished the Bedouin village of al-Araqib in the Naqab desert in southern Israel for 114th time.

Witnesses said that staff from the Israel Land Authority accompanied by Israeli police and bulldozers broke into the village and demolished the tin homes residents build every time their village is demolished.

The first demolition of al-Araqib took place in late June 2010.

Al-Araqib is one of 35 Bedouin villages considered “unrecognized” by the Israeli government.

According to the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI), more than half of the approximately 160,000 Naqab Bedouins reside in unrecognized villages, which the state refuses to provide with a planning structure and place under municipal jurisdiction.

ACRI said the Israeli government uses a variety of measures to pressure Bedouins into relocating to government-planned urban centers that disregard their lifestyle and needs.

“Whole communities have been issued demolition orders; others are forced to continue living in unrecognized villages that are denied basic services and infrastructure, such as electricity and running water,” said the center.

M.N./M.K.

http://english.wafa.ps/page.aspx?id=WLSmtHa91095134889aWLSmtH

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15 juin 2017 4 15 /06 /juin /2017 06:31

Israël et les dirigeants palestiniens font preuve de cynisme

En plus du manque d’eau, Ghaza plongée dans le noir

 

le 14.06.17 | 12h00

Les Ghazaouis plongés dans le noir à cause des luttes entre le Fatah et Hamas
 
 
Les Ghazaouis plonges dans le noir à cause des luttes entre le Fatah et...

Les Ghazaouis plongés dans le noir à cause des luttes entre le Fatah et Hamas

 

Une fois appliquée, la décision israélienne de diminuer ses fournitures d’électricité à Ghaza, les deux millions d’habitants de l’enclave palestinienne n’auront plus droit qu’à deux heures de courant électrique par jour.

Aujourd’hui, la situation est déjà des plus graves puisque le programme de distribution d’électricité est seulement de 4 heures de courant suivies de 12 heures de coupure, et ce, depuis l’arrêt de la seule centrale de production d’électricité dans la bande de Ghaza, le mois d’avril dernier.

La centrale en question est à l’arrêt faute de carburant. Face à cette nouvelle situation, le mouvement Hamas, qui contrôle la bande de Ghaza depuis l’été 2007, a mis en garde contre le risque d’explosion dans la bande de Ghaza dont la population vit une véritable crise humanitaire à cause du blocus qui lui est imposé depuis plus de dix ans par Israël.

Le mouvement Hamas a fait porter la décision israélienne de réduire ses fournitures d’électricité à la bande de Ghaza à l’Autorité palestinienne et au président Mahmoud Abbas personnellement. L’Autorité palestinienne avait effectivement annoncé le mois dernier qu’elle n’allait plus payer la facture d’électricité de la bande de Ghaza. L’électricité est, rappelle-t-on, fournie par Israël. Le mois d’avril dernier, l’Autorité palestinienne avait déjà refusé de ne pas prélever d’impôts sur les prix du carburant destiné à la centrale électrique. Suite à cela, le mouvement Hamas a décidé d’arrêter l’achat de ce carburant, ce qui a causé l’arrêt pur et simple de la centrale.

Avant l’arrêt de la centrale électrique, le programme de distribution était de 8 heures de courant suivies de 8 heures de coupure. Les coupures d’électricité dans la bande de Ghaza ont commencé en 2006 lorsque l’aviation israélienne avait bombardé la seule centrale électrique de l’enclave palestinienne suite à la capture par des combattants des brigades Ezzeddine Al Qassam, la branche armée du Hamas, du soldat franco-israélien Gilaad Shalit. Mais après le putsch armé et le contrôle de la bande de Ghaza par le mouvement Hamas, les pénuries en électricité sont le fruit de la division palestinienne plus qu’autre chose. C’est le cas encore aujourd’hui.

 

Manœuvres et calculs politiques

Pour l’Autorité palestinienne et le président Mahmoud Abbas, il faut incriminer le mouvement Hamas qui gouverne la bande de Ghaza et refuse la réconciliation. Pour elle, c’est au mouvement Hamas de subvenir aux besoins de la population. En d’autres termes, comme l’ont souvent répété des responsables de l’Autorité palestinienne, soit le mouvement Hamas prend toutes les responsabilités, soit il laisse le gouvernement d’entente nationale diriger.

Pour l’Autorité palestinienne, le mouvement Hamas gouverne la bande de Ghaza et il est responsable de la détérioration de la situation depuis 10 ans par son refus de réconciliation. L’idée de Mahmoud Abbas donc est claire : faire plier le Hamas.

Seulement, la population palestinienne paye les frais de cette lutte. «Près de 14 millions de dollars sont payés par l’Autorité palestinienne mensuellement depuis 10 ans à Israël (11,3 millions) et à l’Egypte (près de 3 millions) pour alimenter la bande de Ghaza en électricité», indique Tarek Rechmaoui, un porte-parole du gouvernement palestinien basé à Ramallah, en Cisjordanie occupée.

Tarek Rechmaoui souligne encore que «le non-paiement de la facture d’électricité de l’enclave palestinienne à Israël est l’une des mesures prises par le président Mahmoud Abbas pour faire pression sur le mouvement Hamas et le pousser à accepter la réconciliation».

«Ces mesures ont commencé le mois d’avril dernier avec la réduction de 30% des salaires de ses propres fonctionnaires dans la bande de Ghaza et seront suivies d’autres, plus dures encore, si le mouvement Hamas s’obstine à ne pas réintégrer l’unité nationale», a averti à plusieurs reprises le président Mahmoud Abbas en personne. Le peuple palestinien attend la réaction du Hamas qui se voit actuellement isolé, surtout avec la crise que vit le Qatar, son principal soutien.

Fares Chahine
 
 
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15 juin 2017 4 15 /06 /juin /2017 06:29

Turkish FM to visit Qatar

 
 

Visit comes after Gulf states sanction Qatar on accusations of supporting terrorism.

 
 

ANKARA

Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu will visit Qatar on Wednesday amid regional tensions between Gulf states, the ministry said in a statement.

Cavusoglu will be received by emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani and discuss bilateral relations and recent regional developments in a bilateral meeting with his Qatari counterpart, Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al-Thani.

Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Yemen abruptly cut diplomatic relations with Qatar on June 5, accusing Doha of supporting terrorism.

Mauritania followed suit shortly thereafter, while Jordan downgraded its diplomatic relations with Qatar.

Doha vigorously denies the accusations and characterized as “unjustified” the attempt to isolate it diplomatically.

Turkey has said it stood with Qatar against sanctions and urged Saudi Arabia to take the lead in finding a solution to the crisis.

"The king of Saudi Arabia, as leader of the Gulf, should solve this issue.” President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Tuesday. “I especially think that he should lead the way towards resolving this crisis."

 

http://aa.com.tr/en/middle-east/turkish-fm-to-visit-qatar-/841078

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15 juin 2017 4 15 /06 /juin /2017 06:24

Al-Abadi : L’Irak s’oppose au blocus imposé au Qatar

 
 

«L’Irak […] ne cautionne pas l’idée d’imposer un blocus au Qatar, malgré les divergences de point de vue avec lui sur plusieurs dossiers», déclare le Premier ministre irakien.

 

 
Al-Abadi : L’Irak s’oppose au blocus imposé au Qatar
 
 
 
 
 

AA / Bagdad / Hédi Haasan

Le Premier ministre irakien, Haïder al-Abadi, a annoncé, mardi, que son gouvernement s’oppose au «blocus» imposé au Qatar, par certains pays du Golfe.

Cette déclaration a été faite lors d’un point de presse hebdomadaire donné par al-Abadi dans sa résidence à Bagdad, avant sa rencontre, aujourd’hui, à Djeddah, avec le roi saoudien, selon le journal Asharq al-Awsat.

«L’Irak estime nécessaire de dialoguer pour résoudre la crise du Golfe et ne cautionne pas l’idée d’imposer un blocus au Qatar, malgré les divergences de point de vue avec lui sur plusieurs dossiers», a indiqué al-Abadi.

Et d’ajouter : «L’Irak est contre tout blocus imposé à n’importe quel pays du Golfe, même en cas de désaccord avec lui».

L’Arabie Saoudite, l’Égypte, les Émirats arabes unis, le Bahreïn, le Yémen, la Mauritanie et les îles Comores, les Maldives ont annoncé, le 5 juin courant, la rupture de leurs relations diplomatiques avec le Qatar l’accusant de «soutenir le terrorisme».

La Jordanie et Djibouti ont annoncé la réduction de leurs représentations diplomatiques à Doha.

Le Koweït et Oman maintiennent quant à eux des relations étroites avec le Qatar.

Le Qatar a réfuté, pour sa part, les accusations portées contre lui, se considérant victime d’une campagne de dénigrement et accusant ses voisins du Golfe de chercher à le «mettre sous tutelle».

 

http://aa.com.tr/fr/monde/al-abadi-l-irak-s-oppose-au-blocus-imposé-au-qatar-/841007

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14 juin 2017 3 14 /06 /juin /2017 07:01
 
Publish Date: 2017/06/12
Birzeit University among 3% of best universities in the world
 
 
 

Birzeit University students walking on campus. (Photo courtesy of Birzeit University)

RAMALLAH, June 12, 2017 (WAFA) – Birzeit University (BZU), north of Ramallah, was among the top three percent of the best universities in the world according to the Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) Rankings, a BZU press release said on Monday.

For the first time, Birzeit University has been listed in the 14th edition of the QS World University Rankings 2018 and chosen among 26,000 universities worldwide to be on the top three percent of the best universities in the world. The list included about 950 universities.

This is an annual ranking of the top universities around the globe. Birzeit University is the only Palestinian university to enter the QS World University Ranking this year.

The University was among 32 other prominent Arab universities from 12 different countries. The universities were chosen among 500 other Arab universities.

Birzeit University President Abdellatif Abuhijleh expressed his pride in this unprecedented achievement. He said that this international recognition is shaped by the university’s combined efforts to push the boundaries of research and provide innovative educational opportunities.

The university’s strong performance in this year’s ranking is a reflection in the quality of education and research offered by BZU, in addition to its local and international impact.

The QS rankings gave Birzeit University the highest weightage of 40% to academic reputation, followed by a 20% to the number citations per faculty, 20% for the student to faculty ration, 10% for the employer reputation, 5% for international faculty and 5% for international students.

Birzeit University has scored 1314 citations. Around 258 researches were published in the past five years (2011-2016) in different subjects.

In a domestic comparison, BZU surpassed all other institutions within the Palestinian territory. BZU places 1st in overall performance, academic reputation, employer reputation, faculty student, citations per faculty, international faculty, and international students, according to a BZU press release.

Birzeit University retained its title as Palestine’s best university in all the previously mentioned indicators, while exceeding a number of well-known regional and international universities in terms of academic reputation.

“Despite the political thwarts imposed by the Israeli occupation, and the fact that we are facing many obstacles due to our financial crisis, the university will never stop its efforts to empower its academic excellence, develop new programs, and enhance its educational and research infrastructure,” Abuhijleh commented.

In a related context, QS ranking will soon announce its new edition of the rankings of the top universities in the Arab world. In the past two years, Birzeit University was ranked first among local universities, and was ranked 50th among Arab universities in the last edition of QS.

Hanan Ashrawi, Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Executive Committee member and Birzeit University Board of Trustees member, congratulated Birzeit University for making the Quacquarelli Symonds Rankings of the world's top universities.

Ashrawi, whose connection to Birzeit University goes back to 1973, said: "This global ranking affirms Birzeit University's distinction in the top echelons of the world's universities. Such an achievement for the University attests to the efficiency and creativity of the Palestinian people and their national universities, and it also emphasizes the history of the University and its academic success. Birzeit University, with its outstanding students, alumni, faculty, and staff, provides a unique academic experience that integrates both research and community involvement. Indeed, this great accomplish constitutes Palestinian success with distinction.”

Ashrawi said that the QS ranking “will strengthen the reputation of the University as a leader of key educational indicators in Palestine and throughout the Middle East. Birzeit University, where excellence is nurtured, pursued, and celebrated, will continue to produce emerging leaders who will shape Palestine's future and encourage Palestinians to create the change needed to help Palestine grow and thrive in the many years to come."

M.K.

 

http://english.wafa.ps/page.aspx?id=1Rnu1Ma91072292817a1Rnu1M

 
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14 juin 2017 3 14 /06 /juin /2017 06:52

Rights groups condemn Israel's lethal use of force against Palestinian protesters

 
 
 
June 13, 2017 12:26 A.M. (Updated: June 13, 2017 12:27 P.M.)
 
 
(File)
BETHLEHEM (Ma’an) -- Israeli and Palestinian human rights organizations released statements this week condemning the use of excessive force by Israeli forces against Palestinians, particularly Palestinian protesters, which in many cases, result in death.

Israeli human rights group B’Tselem released a statement Monday highlighting the case of Saba Abu Ubeid, a 22-year-old Palestinian from the central occupied West Bank district of Salfit, who was shot dead by Israeli forces last month during a protest in the Ramallah-area village of Nabi Saleh.

B’Tselem described the scene that day as “minor confrontations” between armed Israeli forces, who fired tear gas and rubber-coated steel bullets at about 100 peaceful demonstrators, consisting of Palestinians from Nabi Saleh and from nearby villages, Israelis, and foreign nationals.

According to the group, only ten to fifteen young Palestinian men were throwing stones at Israeli forces, who fired at the protester with rubber and sponge-tipped bullets, injuring one in the head with a sponge-tipped round and the other in the thigh with a rubber-coated steel bullet.

Despite the relatively small number of stone-throwers, who were located about 100 meters from the soldiers, “several demonstrators overheard the commanding (Israeli) officer, who was standing close to the main group of protesters, order two snipers armed with Ruger rifles to advance towards the stone-throwers and open fire,” B’Tselem said.

“Three soldiers, one of them a sniper, stationed themselves behind a semi-completed house on the eastern slopes of the hill. The sniper intermittently fired live (0.22-inch) bullets at the stone-throwers, who were hiding behind the ruins of a house some 100 meters away,” B’Tselem said, highlighting that Ubeid was shot by the sniper in the waist as his back was turned, running away from the soldiers.

“The unlawful, unjustifiable and lethal shooting and the harsh abuse described above did not take place in a vacuum,” B’Tselem said.

The group noted that that the 0.22-inch caliber bullet -- also known as “tutu bullets” -- fired at Ubeid is a type of live ammunition, and that the “open-fire regulations permit lethal measures only when facing mortal danger and only as a last resort.”

“Nonetheless, in the Occupied (Palestinian) Territories, Israeli soldiers routinely use lethal measures -- including live ammunition -- against demonstrators who do not pose mortal danger,” B’Tselem said, highlighting that since January 2015, 42 Palestinians have been killed by Israeli forces using lethal measures while demonstrating or throwing stones, and that B’Tselem investigations have found that “at least 35 of them posed no mortal danger to Israeli security personnel.”

The Israeli soldiers who shot and killed Ubeid “knew that, just as in many other cases, they would not be held accountable for their actions,” B’Tselem said.

Meanwhile, the Gaza-based al-Mezan Center for Human Rights released a statement Sunday condemning the continued targeting of civilians and excessive use of force against Palestinian protesters in Gaza, specifically in the case of 35-year-old Ayed Khamis Jumaa who was shot dead during clashes along the Gaza border on June 9, just days after a 25-year-old Palestinian was shot and killed under similar circumstances in Gaza.

As of May 19, al-Mezan noted that, in addition to the two deaths, at least 52 Palestinians, including eight children, have been injured during clashes in Gaza.

According to al-Mezan, during the same clashes in which Jumaa was shot in the head and killed, 19 other Palestinians were injured.

In 2016, seven Palestinians were killed by Israeli forces in the Gaza Strip, when 18 Palestinians were shot and killed by Israeli forces during clashes across the occupied Palestinian territory -- out of more than 100 Palestinians to be killed by Israelis over the course of the year, according to Ma’an documentation.

“Al Mezan strongly condemns attacks against civilians in the occupied Palestinian territory and asserts that Israeli practices represent grave and systematic violations of International Humanitarian Law,” the statement said.

The group called on the international community “to uphold their legal obligations under international law to provide protection for civilians, and to implement concrete steps that would realize the Palestinian people’s right to self-determination.

“The failure to act and the silence of the international community about Israel’s violations has further encouraged the Israeli government, forces, and authorities to perpetuate policies and practices that constitute violations of international law,” the group said.

In March, B’Tselem released a report slamming Israeli forces’ “profound disregard” for the life of 17-year-old Qusay al-Umour, who was shot dead in January during clashes in the southern occupied West Bank village of Tuqu, calling his killing “unjustified and unlawful.”

B’Tselem highlighted at the time that al-Umour was also shot with 0.22 inch caliber bullets.

Following al-Umour’s death, Palestinian legal NGO BADIL also concluded that “whether he was throwing stones at the soldiers or not, al-Umour could not have presented a lethal threat to the well-protected Israeli border police from a distance of around 100 meters, and the use of live ammunition against him was therefore unjustified.”

In dozens of cases, Israel’s version of events has been disputed by witnesses, activists, and rights groups who have denounced what they have termed a "shoot-to-kill" policy against Palestinians who did not constitute a threat at the time of their death, or who could have been subdued in a non-lethal manner -- amid a backdrop of impunity for Israelis who committed the killings.

Though the Israeli army and military police opened an official investigation into al-Umour’s death, the precedent set by cases such as that of 15-year-old Khalid Bahr, who was shot dead by Israeli forces in October for allegedly throwing rocks at soldiers during a raid in a Hebron-area village, casts doubts on the likelihood of real accountability.

According to rights group Yesh Din, of 186 criminal investigations into suspected offenses against Palestinians opened by the Israeli army in 2015, just four resulted in indictments.

 
 
 
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14 juin 2017 3 14 /06 /juin /2017 06:38

Israeli sniper fatally shoots 22-year-old Palestinian who posed no danger at a-Nabi Saleh weekly protest

Published:
12 Jun 2017

Sabaa ‘ObeidOn Friday, 12 May 2017, at about 2:15 P.M., during the weekly demonstration at the Palestinian village of a-Nabi Saleh in the West Bank, an Israeli sniper fired a live 0.22-inch caliber bullet (known as “Two-Two”) at Sabaa ‘Obeid, a 22-year-old Palestinian from Salfit. The bullet struck ‘Obeid in the waist, killing him.

Weekly demonstrations have been held at a-Nabi Saleh since 2009 to protest the settler takeover of a nearby spring and of village land. About a year ago the villagers stopped holding the demonstrations, but resumed them on 28 April 2017 as an expression of solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners’ hunger strike.

On 12 May 2017, at approximately 1:00 P.M., about one hundred demonstrators – Palestinians from a-Nabi Saleh and from nearby villages, Israelis, and foreign nationals – set out in a procession towards the gate installed by the Israeli military at the eastern entrance to a-Nabi Saleh. A contingent of Border Police and soldiers under Border Police command blocked the non-violent procession before it reached the gate, and hurled stun grenades at the protesters. Most of the demonstrators remained on the road, chanting and waving flags at the security personnel barring their progress.

A small group of young men headed back towards a hill on the outskirts of the built-up area of the village, reaching a spot about 150 meters away from the other protesters. Minor confrontations developed between them and the soldiers and police who approached them. The Palestinians threw stones and the security forces fired tear-gas canisters, rubber-coated metal bullets, and sponge-tipped rounds at the group. Two of the stone-throwers were injured: one was hit in the head by a sponge-tipped round and the other in the thigh by a “rubber” bullet.

Several demonstrators overheard the commanding officer, who was standing close to the main group of protesters, order two snipers armed with Ruger rifles to advance towards the stone-throwers and open fire. The order was given although only ten to fifteen young men were throwing stones - or hurling them with slings - from a spot at least 100 meters away from the security forces.

Sabaa ‘Obeid being evacuated. Photo by Miki Kratsman, Activestills, 12 May 2017

 

Sabaa ‘Obeid being evacuated. Photo by Miki Kratsman, Activestills, 12 May 2017

Three soldiers, one of them a sniper, stationed themselves behind a semi-completed house on the eastern slopes of the hill. The sniper intermittently fired live (0.22-inch caliber) bullets at the stone-throwers, who were hiding behind the ruins of a house some 100 meters away. No one was injured by the gunfire.

The house the soldiers used as cover is separated from the ruined house by an agricultural terrace, which is fenced in with a wire fence. At around 2:15 P.M., Sabaa ‘Obeid began moving towards the terrace and, using it as cover, threw several stones at the soldiers who were about eighty meters away. After he threw the last stone, he turned and tried to run back. At that point, the sniper fired a 0.22-inch bullet at him, striking him in the waist. In testimony given to B’Tselem field researcher Iyad Hadad on 13 May 2017, 22-year-old S.F., a resident of Qarawat Bani Zeid who had been standing behind the ruined house, related what happened before and after the shooting:

Sabaa got up and started crawling forward on his hands and knees, trying to stay out of the line of fire of the snipers who were in front of us. He reached the fence that encloses the grove next to the house where the soldiers were stationed. During that time, the soldiers didn’t fire. He threw two or three stones at the soldiers, crouching so that the sniper couldn’t take aim at him. The other guys called out to Sabaa to warn him: “Hey, you in the white, come back! You in the white, come back”.

After throwing a third stone from a crouching position, Sabaa tried to head back in our direction. Then he was hit by a bullet, just as he was heading back. I didn’t hear the gunshot but I realized that he’d been hit because he put his hand to his waist. He ran towards us, about twenty or thirty meters, until he came near. Then he fell down. I went over to him with another guy from Salfit and with a Jewish activist named Jonathan. I lifted his shirt and saw a little hole, about the size of a cigarette tip. It was almost closed and bleeding a little. There was a bloodstain on the left side of his shirt. I felt that he was taking his last breaths. Four or five of us picked him up and carried him. We kept talking to him the whole time, saying: Speak, Sabaa. I said to him: If you can hear me, squeeze my hand – and he did.

We carried him about 100 meters, up to the road. An ambulance was waiting there. We handed him over to the medics, who laid him on a stretcher. I asked Sabaa to squeeze my hand again, but he didn’t.


Video footage of the incident, filmed by an international activist

Jewish-Israeli activist Jonathan Pollak, who had also been hiding behind the ruined house at the time, related in testimony he gave to B’Tselem data coordinator Eyal Sagiv on 17 May 2017:

Jonathan PollakSabaa went up to the terrace and hid behind it, every now and then throwing a stone at the soldiers. One of the soldiers advanced towards the terrace. Sabaa tried to move back towards the ruined house and then I heard gunfire. I think it was a single shot. He kept going for a few meters, clutching his stomach. I ran over to him, I was the first or second person to reach him. He collapsed. There was some blood on the front of his shirt and undershirt, and I didn’t see an exit wound.

‘Obeid was taken by ambulance to hospital in Salfit, which was reached after a ten-minute ride. He was treated in the trauma unit, and was pronounced dead about thirty minutes later. After the shooting, the clashes in the village continued for about an hour. According to eyewitness accounts, soldiers from the force that had shot ‘Obeid, then fired “rubber” bullets at young men who were throwing stones. One of the snipers prepared to shoot 0.22-inch bullets again, but did not ultimately open fire.

Sabaa ‘Obeid was killed by a live bullet fired at him by a sniper from about eighty meters away, although he was moving away from the soldiers and had not endangered them in the first place. Lethal gunfire in such circumstances is unlawful and cannot be justified.

The 0.22-inch caliber bullet fired at ‘Obeid is live ammunition. Open-fire regulations permit live gunfire only when facing mortal danger and only as a last resort.

Nonetheless, in the Occupied Territories, Israeli soldiers routinely use lethal measures - including live ammunition - against demonstrators who do not pose mortal danger. Since January 2015, 42 Palestinians have been killed while demonstrating or throwing stones. B’Tselem inquiries have found that at least 35 of them posed no mortal danger to Israeli security personnel. Hundreds of other Palestinians have been wounded, some sustaining grave injuries.

In response to criticism of this policy, the senior military command and the MAG Corps have cited open-fire regulations, which restrict use of live fire to life-threatening circumstances and permit it only as a last resort. Yet these regulations do little more than create an illusion of legality. In the field, soldiers operate under other orders that permit lethal measures in a variety of circumstances, and military authorities have done nothing to prevent the killing or injury of more Palestinians.

For decades, B’Tselem referred such incidents to the military law enforcement system in order to promote real accountability for the killing of Palestinians – to no avail. In many cases, no investigation was opened; yet even when investigations were carried out, they invariably ended in some form of cover up. Consequently, B’Tselem decided to stop applying to the MAG Corps to demand that incidents in which Palestinians were harmed by soldiers be investigated. Nevertheless, B’Tselem continues to promote accountability in other ways, which is why we investigate incidents independently and publish our findings. That said, the responsibility for investigating and holding the persons responsible for these incidents accountable still lies with the military. However, as long as the MAG Corps upholds its whitewash policy, there is nothing to deter Israeli security forces from using lethal firepower against Palestinians who are not endangering them.

 

http://www.btselem.org/firearms/20170612_killing_of_sabaa_ubeid_in_nabi_saleh

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14 juin 2017 3 14 /06 /juin /2017 06:35

Quelles répercussions de la crise du Golfe sur les relations israélo-qataries ?

Éclairage
 
 

L'information est presque passée inaperçue. Dans un contexte de crise entre le Qatar, d'une part, l'Arabie saoudite et ses alliés, de l'autre, deux journalistes israéliens se sont rendus à Doha.

Assurant que c'était sa huitième visite dans la capitale du petit émirat, Enrique Zimmermann a révélé dans le Yediot Aharonot avoir été reçu dans la résidence privée d'un haut fonctionnaire qatari. Ce dernier aurait même affirmé, selon le journaliste, que le Qatar et Israël partageaient la particularité d'être de petits pays entourés de nations « hostiles » et « menaçantes ». Interrogé sur le soutien qatari au Hamas palestinien et aux Frères musulmans, le responsable qatari aurait démenti une telle aide, assurant que des cadres des deux mouvements ne restent dans l'émirat que pour être étroitement surveillés par les autorités. Et dimanche, c'était au tour d'Orly Azoulay Katz, correspondante également du Yediot Aharonot, de se rendre en reportage dans l'émirat.

De tels échanges entre le petit émirat du Golfe et l'État hébreu ne sont pourtant pas surprenants pour qui connaît les relations entre les deux gouvernements. À partir de 1996, le Qatar établit des liens commerciaux avec Israël, tout en continuant d'entretenir de bonnes relations avec le Hamas palestinien et le Hezbollah.

L'ancien président Shimon Peres se rend aux moins deux fois à Doha. Quelques années plus tard, en 2008, c'est au tour de l'ancien ministre de la Défense Ehud Barak puis de la ministre des Affaires étrangères Tzipi Livni de rencontrer des membres de la famille régnante, comme l'ex-Premier ministre cheikh Abdallah ben Khalifa al-Thani. Les relations entre les deux gouvernements butent et reprennent au fil des années, sans jamais cesser complètement. À plus d'une reprise, l'émirat joue les intermédiaires entre le Hamas et l'État hébreu. Il y a deux ans, des représentants israéliens et palestiniens s'étaient par exemple retrouvés à Doha pour discuter d'un cessez-le-feu de cinq ans.

Prudence
Les tensions actuelles, sans précédent dans le Golfe, ne sont donc pas sans inquiéter l'État hébreu. Depuis lundi dernier, l'Arabie saoudite, les Émirats arabes unis, Bahreïn et l'Égypte ont rompu leurs relations diplomatiques avec le Qatar. D'autres mesures plus sévères encore ont suivi, telles que la fermeture des frontières terrestres, aériennes et maritimes. Ces pays lui reprochent notamment de soutenir des organisations terroristes telles que les Frères musulmans, le Hamas et l'État islamique, mais également d'être trop complaisant avec l'Iran.

De prime abord, ce dernier point devrait satisfaire le gouvernement de Benjamin Netanyahu, littéralement obnubilé par la « menace » de la République islamique. La crise survient en outre quelques jours après la visite du président américain Donald Trump à Riyad, qui y a cité le Hamas palestinien parmi les organisations dites « terroristes » soutenues par le Qatar. Il a aussi vivement critiqué l'influence iranienne dans la région.

Il semblerait néanmoins que la crise actuelle soit accueillie avec prudence en Israël, comme on pourrait le supposer. Dès le début, le ministre israélien des Affaires étrangères Avigdor Lieberman a souligné que la mise au ban du Qatar par ses voisins du Golfe permettrait une meilleure coopération dans la lutte contre le terrorisme, se disant « ouvert » à une telle collaboration. Mais le blocus auquel est soumis le Qatar, et les exigences de Riyad et Abou Dhabi pourraient pousser Doha à réduire, sinon arrêter complètement, ses aides financières et humanitaires à la bande de Gaza. Les conséquences, dans ce cas, pourraient être désastreuses. Acculé, le Hamas pourrait se tourner vers l'Iran, avec lequel il a renoué des liens l'an dernier.

Dans la bande de Gaza, la situation est « explosive », selon un porte-parole du Hamas, Abdellatif al-Qanoue. Hier encore, les autorités israéliennes ont décidé de réduire la fourniture d'électricité à l'enclave palestinienne, dont la population, exaspérée, fait déjà face à une sévère pénurie de courant, une crise humanitaire et économique en permanence. Dans un tel contexte, de nouvelles violences, ou même le scénario d'une nouvelle guerre, avancent certains observateurs, ne sont pas à écarter.

 

 

https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1056841/quelles-repercussions-de-la-crise-du-golfe-sur-les-relations-israelo-qataries-.html

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14 juin 2017 3 14 /06 /juin /2017 06:33

Israeli Education Minister's Ethics Code Would Bar Professors From Expressing Political Opinions
 

The code would forbid academic staff from calling for boycotts of Israel, and would prevent institutions from collaborating with political organizations

An ethics code devised at Education Minister Naftali Bennett’s behest would bar professors from expressing political opinions, it emerged Friday.

The code, put together by Asa Kasher, an ethics and philosophy professor at Tel Aviv University, would also forbid staff from calling for an academic boycott of Israel.

Bennett had asked Kasher a few months ago to write a set of rules for appropriate political conduct at academic institutions. Kasher had written the Israel Defense Forces’ ethics code.

The contents of the document, which were first reported by the Yedioth Ahronoth newspaper on Friday, will soon be submitted for the approval of the Council for Higher Education.

« If a lecturer does talk [about politics], and one of the students complains about it, that lecturer could receive a disciplinary citation from the institution, » the statement said. Should the lecturer ignore the warning, he may face harsher disciplinary action.

The code also bars academic staff from taking part in or calling for an academic boycott of Israel, and forbids collaboration with organizations that are considered political.

The education minister’s office said that while it supports absolute academic freedom, it opposes « the promotion of lecturers’ political agendas in the academe. »...............(..........)....................

 

 

http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.794900

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