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26 avril 2017 3 26 /04 /avril /2017 05:55
Publish Date: 2017/04/25
Israeli settlers set fire to 100 olive trees near Bethlehem
 
 
 

BETHLEHEM, April 25, 2017 (WAFA) – Israeli settlers Tuesday set fire to around 100 olive trees belonging to Palestinians in Beit Ta’mar area to the east of Bethlehem city, in the southern West Bank, according to a local activist.

Hassan Brijiyeh, member of the local anti-settlements committee, told WAFA settlers residing in illegal settlements under international law set fire to around 100 olive trees located near another illegal Israeli settlement outpost.

The five-dunum planted plot of land belongs to Mubarak and Mohammad Zawahreh.

All settlements across the West Bank are illegal under international law, particularly article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention, which establishes that the occupying power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.

Settler violence against Palestinians and their property is routine in the West Bank and is rarely prosecuted by Israeli authorities.

According to the Israeli rights group B’Tselem, “As the occupying force, Israel must protect the Palestinians in the West Bank. However, the Israeli authorities neglect to fulfill this responsibility and do not do enough to prevent Israeli civilians from attacking Palestinians, their property and their lands.”

“The undeclared policy of the Israeli authorities in response to these attacks is lenient and conciliatory,” stressed the Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, B’Tselem.

T.R./M.K.

 

 

http://english.wafa.ps/page.aspx?id=QYCeVPa80228019135aQYCeVP

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25 avril 2017 2 25 /04 /avril /2017 07:18

575 étudiants juifs interpellent Birthright sur l’interdiction de voyager en Israël : va-t-on enquêter sur nos opinions politiques ?

 

 

Dans une lettre, les étudiants demandent si le plus important sponsor de voyages vers Israël allait examiner les candidatures sur la base de leurs opinions concernant le boycott, le BDS et d’autres questions politiques.

Plus de 500 étudiants américains juifs interpellent Birthright, le plus important sponsor de voyages vers Israël dans le monde, se positionnant contre une nouvelle loi qui interdit l’entrée en Israël aux étrangers qui soutiennent le boycott du pays, même si ce boycott se limite aux colonies de Cisjordanie.

Dans une lettre adressée aux cadres supérieurs du programme, les étudiants exigent des réponses à trois questions : Birthright a-t-il l’intention d’imposer un système de sélection pour accepter les candidats en fonction de ce qu’ils pensent du mouvement de boycott, désinvestissement et sanctions, des colonies de peuplement et d’autres questions politiques ? Si les participants sont refoulés à l’aéroport Ben-Gourion en raison de la nouvelle loi, Birthright leur assure-t-il son aide et son soutien ? Birthright a-t-il été en consulté par le programme israélien sur la façon dont la nouvelle loi influera sur la participation à ses voyages ?

« Compte tenu de ces complications » disent-ils, « allez-vous autoriser ceux d’entre nous qui ont fait le choix de ne pas acheter de produits des colonies, comme un choix personnel, à participer à Birthright ? »

La lettre, obtenue par Haaretz, est signée par 575 étudiants représentant 97 facultés et universités de tous les États-Unis, ainsi que trois lycées. Elle a été envoyée juste avant la Pâque juive à Izzy Tapoohi et Gidi Mark, hauts dirigeants de Birthright, ainsi qu’à plusieurs tour-opérateurs avec lesquels travaille l’organisation. Les signataires sont des étudiants qui, soit ont déjà participé à des voyages de Birthright, soit l’envisagent.

Derrière cette initiative, il y a J Street U, la branche étudiante de J Street, organisation pro-Israël mais anti-occupation. Environ 25 % des étudiants qui ont signé la lettre, cependant, n’ont pas la moindre affiliation avec l’organisation.

La lettre intervient quelques semaines avant que de nombreuses universités et facultés ne prennent leurs congés d’été, la forte saison pour les voyages de Birthright. Birthright fait venir généralement des dizaines de milliers de juifs du monde entier qui viennent, dans leur écrasante majorité, des États-Unis, avec ses voyages gratuits de dix jours en Israël, chaque année, la plupart pendant l’été. Birthright indique qu’il envisage de faire venir 30 000 participants en Israël cet été.

« Bien que nous représentions les étudiants pro-Israël de tout l’éventail politique » écrivent les étudiants, « nous reconnaissons qu’il n’y a rien d’anti-Israël à s’opposer à l’expansion des colonies. En effet, 78 % des Américains juifs aimeraient voir Israël limiter, ou cesser, l’expansion des colonies. La plupart d’entre nous s’opposent à l’expansion des colonies dans le cadre de notre soutien à une solution à deux États – la seule façon de garantir l’avenir d’Israël en tant que patrie démocratique du peuple juif ».

Une interdiction de voyage controversée

Les étudiants notent que Birthright reconnaît également la distinction entre Israël et les colonies et comme une question politique, depuis qu’il évite de faire ses voyages vers la Cisjordanie.

Ils ajoutent qu’ils ne soutiennent pas le mouvement mondial de BDS, qui cible l’ensemble d’Israël et pas seulement les colonies. « Certains d’entre nous d’achètent pas les produits des colonies, comme un choix personnel », écrivent-ils. « D’autres n’ont aucune problème pour le faire. Tous, nous sommes préoccupés par l’impact de cette nouvelle législation sur notre propre capacité et celle de nos camarades à venir en Israël ».

L’interdiction de voyager en Israël, votée à la Knesset le mois dernier, a soulevé une condamnation généralisée, notamment de la part des principales organisations juives, comme le Comité des juifs américains, la Ligne anti-diffamation et le mouvement de la Réforme. Birthright n’a pas encore commenté la loi.

Les étudiants n’ont pas encore reçu de réponse de Birthright mais, interrogée par Haaretz, l’organisation cite la section FAQ sur son site, où la question est posée pour savoir si les opinions politiques des candidats seront prises en compte pour décider de leur acceptation. D’après la réponse, laquelle n’a pas été révisée depuis que la nouvelle loi israélienne a été votée, « Birthright Israël n’enquête pas sur les opinions politiques de ses candidats et il accueille tous les jeunes adultes juifs du monde entier à visiter Israël ».

Birthright ne dit pas s’il soutiendrait et aiderait les participants à ses voyages qui seraient refoulés à l’aéroport, ou s’il a eu un contact avec le gouvernement israélien au sujet des ramifications de la nouvelle loi sur les participations.

La grande variété des participants de Birthright

Parmi les étudiants qui ont aidé à rédiger la lettre, il y a Rachel Stryer, codirigeante de J Street U à l’université de Stanford. « Quand j’ai appris que la loi avait été votée, je me suis sentie confuse, frustrée et très triste, parce qu’elle viole tout ce que je sais qui fait qu’Israël est une démocratie, et est attaché à la liberté d’expression », dit Stryer, qui projette de faire le voyage avec Birthright cet été après son diplôme.

« Au-delà de cela, le regroupement de ceux qui soutiennent le BDS avec ceux qui soutiennent un boycott des colonies me gêne. À J Street, nous ne soutenons pas un boycott, mais beaucoup d’entre nous ont fait le choix de ne pas acheter ce qui vient des colonies. Nous voyons les colonies de peuplement comme quelque chose qui menace l’avenir et la sécurité d’Israël ».

Birthright, note-t-elle, s’est longtemps enorgueilli de la grande variété des participants qu’il attire. « Je vois la nouvelle loi comme remettant directement en cause l’attachement de Birthright à cette diversité » dit-elle.

Chase Harrison, membre du gouvernement étudiant de l’université de Chicago, manifeste son opposition aux initiatives de son école en faveur du boycott d’Israël. Dans le même temps, dit-il, il s’est senti contraint de signer la lettre à Birthright.

« Je n’aurais probablement pas de problème pour venir en Israël avec mes opinions, mais en interdisant ceux qui soutiennent un boycott, vous vous privez de voix importantes dans le dialogue – des voix qui existent déjà en Israël » dit Harrison, qui a déjà voyagé avec Birthright et est stagiaire au chapitre Hillel de son campus.

Aaron Wildavsky, autre étudiant à avoir signé la lettre, a déjà participé à Birthright il y a deux ans, et il prévoit cet été de venir en Israël et de rejoindre l’armée, après son diplôme de l’université Washington de Saint-Louis.

« Je ne soutiens pas le BDS ni un boycott des colonies, de sorte que rien de tout cela ne m’implique personnellement, même si j’ai des réserves sur les colonies » dit Wilsavsky, qui est aussi membre actif à Hillel et Chabad.

« La raison qui m’a fait signer cette lettre est que je pense qu’il est scandaleux que le gouvernement israélien ne puisse pas affronter les touristes qui ne sont pas d’accord avec la façon dont il gère la Cisjordanie. Si vous avez une attitude agressive à l’égard de ceux qui n’approuvent pas votre politique, pour moi c’est comme un gamin qui pique sa colère ».

Max Buchdahl, président du chapitre Hillel à l’université Temple, est un autre signataire qui n’a aucun lien avec J Street U. « Je suis très troublé par la nouvelle loi et je pense qu’il est important que Birthright réponde en exprimant son soutien à ceux qui ont d’autres opinions » dit-il. « Vous pouvez ne pas aimer certaines opinions, mais vous entrez dans des eaux dangereuses si vous commencez par interdire les gens à cause de leurs opinions ».

Depuis sa création en 1999, Birthright a fait venir plus de 500 000 jeunes adultes juifs en Israël. La plupart des participants à son programme sont des étudiants d’âge universitaire. Le plus grand bienfaiteur du programme est le magnat milliardaire des casinos, et l’immense donateur républicain, Sheldon Adelson.

 

http://www.aurdip.fr/575-etudiants-juifs-interpellent.html

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25 avril 2017 2 25 /04 /avril /2017 05:24
Publish Date: 2017/04/24
Hunger striker Marwan al-Barghoti’s health severally deteriorates after 8 days of strike
 
 
 

RAMALLAH, April 24, 2017 (WAFA) – On his eighth day of hunger strike, the health condition of Palestinian prisoner, Marwan al-Barghouti, has severally deteriorated, said the strikers Media Committee of Freedom and Dignity.

Prisoners from all Palestinian political factions are participating in a mass open-ended hunger strike spearheaded by Marwan Barghouti, member of the Palestinian Legislative Council and Fatah Central Committee, as well as Karim Younis and Maher Younis, the oldest and longest serving detainees held since 1983, and Diaa al-Agha, held since before the signing of the 1993 Oslo accords.

The media committee said that al-Barghouti refuses medical treatment.

The number of Palestinian prisoners who have joined the hunger strike, which was launched on Monday April 17, to demand better prison conditions and treatment, has reached 1580. Issa Qaraqe, chairman of the Detainees and Ex-Detainees Affairs Commission, said the number of prisoners joining the hunger strike is expected to increase.

The media committee said the strikers aim at restoring many of their rights that were taken away by the occupation prisons administration, which they had achieved through many past strikes.

The prisoners are demanding to be moved to prisons in the occupied territories as per the Fourth Geneva Convention, which would make it easier for their families to visit them, as well as lifting restrictions on family visits and better treatment at military checkpoints.

Other demands include: An improvement of access to medical care; increasing visit duration from 45 to 90 minutes; families of women prisoners meet without glass barriers to allow mothers to hold their children; an improvement in detention conditions including easing restrictions on the entry of books, clothing, food and other gifts from family members; restoring some educational facilities; and installing phones to enable prisoners to communicate with their families.

T.R.

 

http://english.wafa.ps/page.aspx?id=7rWuP5a80213742840a7rWuP5

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25 avril 2017 2 25 /04 /avril /2017 05:17

4 Palestinians injured in clashes following Israeli settler attack near Nablus

April 22, 2017 4:39 P.M. (Updated: April 22, 2017 4:54 P.M.)
 
 
(File)
 
 
 
 
NABLUS (Ma'an) -- Israeli forces shot and injured four Palestinians with rubber-coated steel bullets, after residents in a Palestinian village south of Nablus in the northern occupied West Bank gathered to defend their homes from a mob of Israeli settlers that stormed the community.

Ghassan Daghlas, an official who monitors settler activities in the northern West Bank, told Ma'an that some 100 “extremist settlers” from the illegal Yitzhar settlement entered the village of Urif from its east side and proceeded to smash windows of houses, included one belonging to resident Munir al-Nouri.

He added that the settlers were about to break into the house before Palestinian villagers gathered and forced them away.

According to a Facebook group for Urif, loudspeakers from the village’s mosque were used to inform residents of the incident and to urge them to help defend the homes from the “herds of settlers" attacking the village.

Minutes later, Daghlas said, a number of Israeli military vehicles stormed the village to protect the Israelis.

Clashes erupted between Palestinians youth and Israeli forces who “haphazardly” fired tear gas canisters, stun grenades, and rubber-coated steel bullets at Palestinians, according to Daghlas.

Daghlas said that four Palestinians were shot with rubber-coated steel bullets, one of whom was hit in the head. Medical sources said that Adel al-Safadi, Jihad Saad, Mustafa Fawzi, and Sharif Abd al-Hafith were taken to Rafidia hospital to be treated for the gunshot injuries.

An Israeli army spokesperson told Ma’an that a "violent dispute erupted between Israelis and Palestinians" who she said were "mutually throwing rocks at each other in an area around the village." When Israeli forces arrived to "disperse the dispute, several Palestinians shot flares at (Israeli) forces."

In response, Israeli forces used "riot dispersal means," she said.

According to the Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ), since the state of Israel confiscated land from Urif and other Palestinian villages to establish the illegal Yithzar settlement in the 1980s, "attacks and violence perpetrated by settlers has had a profoundly negative impact on Palestinian residents and their property," stressing that Yitzhar "poses a daily threat to residents of the neighboring Palestinian villages."

Settlers have also been known to steel crops, damage and burn trees and other plants, and attack places of worship in the area, in an attempt to intimidate Palestinian villagers and farmers from using their land.

On Friday, a video was released showing 15 masked Israeli settlers attacking Israeli activists in the central West Bank, throwing rocks and hitting the activists with clubs.

Many Palestinian activists and rights groups have meanwhile accused Israel of fostering a “culture of impunity” for Israeli settlers and soldiers committing violent acts against Palestinians.

In March, Israeli NGO Yesh Din revealed that Israeli authorities served indictments in only 8.2 percent of cases of Israeli settlers committing anti-Palestinian crimes in the occupied West Bank in the past three years.

Between 500,000 and 600,000 Israelis live in Jewish-only settlements across occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank in violation of international law, with recent announcements of settlement expansion provoking condemnation from the international community.

According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), there were a total of 221 reported settler attacks against Palestinians and their properties in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem in 2015, and 107 in 2016.

 
 
 
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25 avril 2017 2 25 /04 /avril /2017 05:04

4 Palestinians injured in clashes following Israeli settler attack near Nablus

April 22, 2017 4:39 P.M. (Updated: April 22, 2017 4:54 P.M.)
 
 
(File)
 
 
 
 
NABLUS (Ma'an) -- Israeli forces shot and injured four Palestinians with rubber-coated steel bullets, after residents in a Palestinian village south of Nablus in the northern occupied West Bank gathered to defend their homes from a mob of Israeli settlers that stormed the community.

Ghassan Daghlas, an official who monitors settler activities in the northern West Bank, told Ma'an that some 100 “extremist settlers” from the illegal Yitzhar settlement entered the village of Urif from its east side and proceeded to smash windows of houses, included one belonging to resident Munir al-Nouri.

He added that the settlers were about to break into the house before Palestinian villagers gathered and forced them away.

According to a Facebook group for Urif, loudspeakers from the village’s mosque were used to inform residents of the incident and to urge them to help defend the homes from the “herds of settlers" attacking the village.

Minutes later, Daghlas said, a number of Israeli military vehicles stormed the village to protect the Israelis.

Clashes erupted between Palestinians youth and Israeli forces who “haphazardly” fired tear gas canisters, stun grenades, and rubber-coated steel bullets at Palestinians, according to Daghlas.

Daghlas said that four Palestinians were shot with rubber-coated steel bullets, one of whom was hit in the head. Medical sources said that Adel al-Safadi, Jihad Saad, Mustafa Fawzi, and Sharif Abd al-Hafith were taken to Rafidia hospital to be treated for the gunshot injuries.

An Israeli army spokesperson told Ma’an that a "violent dispute erupted between Israelis and Palestinians" who she said were "mutually throwing rocks at each other in an area around the village." When Israeli forces arrived to "disperse the dispute, several Palestinians shot flares at (Israeli) forces."

In response, Israeli forces used "riot dispersal means," she said.

According to the Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ), since the state of Israel confiscated land from Urif and other Palestinian villages to establish the illegal Yithzar settlement in the 1980s, "attacks and violence perpetrated by settlers has had a profoundly negative impact on Palestinian residents and their property," stressing that Yitzhar "poses a daily threat to residents of the neighboring Palestinian villages."

Settlers have also been known to steel crops, damage and burn trees and other plants, and attack places of worship in the area, in an attempt to intimidate Palestinian villagers and farmers from using their land.

On Friday, a video was released showing 15 masked Israeli settlers attacking Israeli activists in the central West Bank, throwing rocks and hitting the activists with clubs.

Many Palestinian activists and rights groups have meanwhile accused Israel of fostering a “culture of impunity” for Israeli settlers and soldiers committing violent acts against Palestinians.

In March, Israeli NGO Yesh Din revealed that Israeli authorities served indictments in only 8.2 percent of cases of Israeli settlers committing anti-Palestinian crimes in the occupied West Bank in the past three years.

Between 500,000 and 600,000 Israelis live in Jewish-only settlements across occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank in violation of international law, with recent announcements of settlement expansion provoking condemnation from the international community.

According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), there were a total of 221 reported settler attacks against Palestinians and their properties in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem in 2015, and 107 in 2016.

 
 
 
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25 avril 2017 2 25 /04 /avril /2017 04:56
Publish Date: 2017/04/24
Israeli settlers raze agricultural land south of Bethlehem
 
 
 

BETHLEHEM, April 24, 2017 (WAFA) – Israeli settlers Monday razed agricultural land belonging to a Palestinian in the town of al-Khader, south of the southern West Bank district of Bethlehem, according to a local activist.

 

Hassan Brijiyeh, a member of the local anti-settlement committee in Bethlehem, told WAFA settlers razed a 10-dunum of land planted with almond trees and grapevines in an area to the west of al-Khader town. The land belongs to a local resident who was identified as Ibrahim Sbaih.

 

The land owner, Sbaih, said he was surprised to find settlers razing his land, stressing that he has the legal documents proving his ownership of the land.

 

Sbaih was physically assaulted by the settlers.

 

T.R.

 

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24 avril 2017 1 24 /04 /avril /2017 09:56

From trigger-happy to shoot-to-kill: Israeli security forces killed 101 Palestinians, incl. 31 minors in 2016

Published:
20 Apr 2017

In 2016, Israeli security forces killed 101 Palestinians, including 31 minors. Ninety of the casualties were killed in the West Bank (including East Jerusalem), eight in the Gaza Strip, and three in Israel. Among the casualties were ten women and one female minor. Seventy-five of the casualties (74%) were killed in incidents in which they assaulted, attempted to assault, or allegedly attempted to assault Israeli security forces and civilians. Seventeen more Palestinians (17%) were killed during clashes with the security forces, in demonstrations, and in stone-throwing

incidents. The rest were killed by bombing, during arrest missions, and in other incidents.

Israeli security forces also killed two foreign nationals.

Six more Palestinians, four of them minors, were killed by Israeli civilians.

In 2016, Palestinians killed eight Israelis and one foreign national: four men, four women, and a female minor. Palestinians also killed three members of Israel’s security forces.

As detailed below, B’Tselem’s investigation and analysis indicates that these incidents were made possible by an open-fire policy that permits both shooting to kill in instances defined as “incidents of assault” and a trigger-happy approach to demonstrations or stone-throwing. This policy, which is broadly supported by senior officials, conveys profound disregard for the lives of Palestinians.

Download data tables

A shoot-to-kill approach in cases defined as “incidents of assault”:

In 2016, Israeli security forces killed 75 Palestinians in incidents in which the latter assaulted, attempted to assault, or allegedly assaulted Israelis (security forces or civilians) in various ways – running victims over, stabbing, other cold weapons, or live fire. Of the attackers, 45 were men, nine were women, and 21 were minors. Another six Palestinians, including four minors, were killed in similar circumstances by Israeli civilians. In total, 81 Palestinians were killed in incidents of this kind.

Despite the broad media coverage that a single incident – the killing of ‘Abd al-Fatah a-Sharif by soldier Elor Azaria in Hebron – received, similar cases occurred throughout the year. These, however, did not garner public attention in Israel, and were certainly not subjected to real legal examination. As B’Tselem has stated in the past, other Palestinians were killed in 2016 when security forces shot them although they posed no danger, either because they were lying injured after having been shot or because they were far enough away to be stopped without lethal injury.

This reality is a direct result of the discourse deliberately adopted by ministers and members of Knesset, whose public statements have made it clear that any Palestinian who attacks Israelis – or is suspected of attempting to do so – should be killed. For example, Minister of Public Security Gilad Erdan said that “every terrorist should know that he will not survive the attack he is about to perpetrate”; then-Jerusalem District Police Commander Moshe Edri declared that “anyone who stabs Jews or hurts innocents – his due is to be killed”; and MK Yair Lapid stated that “the directives should specify shooting to kill when anyone pulls out a knife or screwdriver or whatever.”As member of Knesset, Avigdor Lieberman posted on Facebook that, in his opinion, the cabinet should decide that “terrorists must not be left alive”; in early 2017, when he was already Defense Minister, Lieberman proudly announced that “since the Elor Azaria case we have taken out 39 terrorists – not only what you do but what you say matters, and words do carry weight.” Prime Minister Netanyahu’s ongoing silence on the matter effectively sanctions this policy.

B’Tselem has warned in the past that shooting to kill is permitted only when the person targeted is endangering the lives of others. The fact that Israeli security forces have time and again killed Palestinians who posed no danger reveals a chilling disparity between the official prohibition on such conduct and reality, including the current atmosphere in Israel, in which shooting to kill is acceptable at any time and under any circumstance, even when the danger has passed. The explicit support of the authorities and the tacit consent of the legal system’s top officials – including the Attorney General and the Military Advocate General – have create a normative situation in which soldiers and police officers routinely play judge and executioner.

 

Killing of Sara Hajuj

Trigger-happy response to clashes, stone-throwing incidents, and demonstrations:

In 2016, Israeli security forces killed 17 Palestinians, including six minors, in confrontations that involved shooting or hurling of Molotov cocktails, during weekly protests in the West Bank and in Gaza, and in incidents in which Palestinians threw stones. Of these, 13 were killed in the West Bank and four during demonstrations held near the fence between Gaza and Israel.

At least fourteen of the casualties (82%) were shot dead while posing no threat. B’Tselem’s investigations indicate that of these, 11 were killed by live fire (including one person who was killed by .22-inch bullets, which the military wrongly classifies as “non-lethal”); another Palestinian youth was killed by a rubber-coated metal bullet that was fired in breach of regulation; another by a flare bomb, which is not meant to be used against people; and another demonstrator, a ten-year-old boy, was killed by a black sponge round that hit his chest. These people were killed by unlawful use of lethal weapons and their deaths cannot be justified.

Based on past experience, there are slim chances of anyone being held accountable for security forces killing Palestinians under circumstances that did not justify use of lethal means. The casualties of 2016 are the most recent among thousands of cases since the beginning of the occupation in 1967 – half a century of lack of accountability. There is almost no public discussion – and rarely, legal examination – of these matters in Israel; in the rare cases that do capture the public’s attention, the blame is cast upon low-ranking individual soldiers who acted in “unusual” circumstances. Yet thousands of incidents cannot be unusual. The responsibility for these deaths lies with the senior levels of government and military command, which approve the open-fire policy that causes them, as well as the subsequent whitewashing.

 
 
 
 
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24 avril 2017 1 24 /04 /avril /2017 09:51

More Palestinians join mass hunger strike on 6th day, PFLP leaders transferred to solitary

 
 
April 22, 2017 12:33 P.M. (Updated: April 22, 2017 4:40 P.M.)
 
 
Freedom and Dignity prisoners hunger strike graphic
 
 
 
 
BETHLEHEM (Ma'an) -- As more Palestinians joined the “Freedom and Dignity” strike in Israeli prisons on Saturday, the sixth day of the strike, Palestinian leaders of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) have been transferred by Israeli authorities to solitary confinement, while Israeli officials have escalated punitive measures against the hunger strikers.

In a voice recording obtained by Ma’an, representatives of Fatah-affiliated prisoners in Israel’s Ramon prison declared their participation in the open hunger strike, which has seen the participation of hundreds of members of the Fatah movement, which had initially called the strike. The Palestinian Committee of Prisoners' Affairs estimates 65 percent of all Palestinian prisoners jailed by Israel are affiliated to Fatah.

The prisoners urged all other Palestinians imprisoned in Israel to take part in the mass strike, which is already comprised of some 1,500 hunger strikers.

Meanwhile, the Handala Center for Prisoners and Former Prisoners said that the Israel Prison Service (IPS) transferred PFLP leader Kamil Abu Huneish from Israel’s Gilboa prison to solitary confinement in al-Jalama prison.

 
 
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24 avril 2017 1 24 /04 /avril /2017 09:45

From trigger-happy to shoot-to-kill: Israeli security forces killed 101 Palestinians, incl. 31 minors in 2016

Published:
20 Apr 2017

In 2016, Israeli security forces killed 101 Palestinians, including 31 minors. Ninety of the casualties were killed in the West Bank (including East Jerusalem), eight in the Gaza Strip, and three in Israel. Among the casualties were ten women and one female minor. Seventy-five of the casualties (74%) were killed in incidents in which they assaulted, attempted to assault, or allegedly attempted to assault Israeli security forces and civilians. Seventeen more Palestinians (17%) were killed during clashes with the security forces, in demonstrations, and in stone-throwing

incidents. The rest were killed by bombing, during arrest missions, and in other incidents.

Israeli security forces also killed two foreign nationals.

Six more Palestinians, four of them minors, were killed by Israeli civilians.

In 2016, Palestinians killed eight Israelis and one foreign national: four men, four women, and a female minor. Palestinians also killed three members of Israel’s security forces.

As detailed below, B’Tselem’s investigation and analysis indicates that these incidents were made possible by an open-fire policy that permits both shooting to kill in instances defined as “incidents of assault” and a trigger-happy approach to demonstrations or stone-throwing. This policy, which is broadly supported by senior officials, conveys profound disregard for the lives of Palestinians.

Download data tables

A shoot-to-kill approach in cases defined as “incidents of assault”:

In 2016, Israeli security forces killed 75 Palestinians in incidents in which the latter assaulted, attempted to assault, or allegedly assaulted Israelis (security forces or civilians) in various ways – running victims over, stabbing, other cold weapons, or live fire. Of the attackers, 45 were men, nine were women, and 21 were minors. Another six Palestinians, including four minors, were killed in similar circumstances by Israeli civilians. In total, 81 Palestinians were killed in incidents of this kind.

Despite the broad media coverage that a single incident – the killing of ‘Abd al-Fatah a-Sharif by soldier Elor Azaria in Hebron – received, similar cases occurred throughout the year. These, however, did not garner public attention in Israel, and were certainly not subjected to real legal examination. As B’Tselem has stated in the past, other Palestinians were killed in 2016 when security forces shot them although they posed no danger, either because they were lying injured after having been shot or because they were far enough away to be stopped without lethal injury.

This reality is a direct result of the discourse deliberately adopted by ministers and members of Knesset, whose public statements have made it clear that any Palestinian who attacks Israelis – or is suspected of attempting to do so – should be killed. For example, Minister of Public Security Gilad Erdan said that “every terrorist should know that he will not survive the attack he is about to perpetrate”; then-Jerusalem District Police Commander Moshe Edri declared that “anyone who stabs Jews or hurts innocents – his due is to be killed”; and MK Yair Lapid stated that “the directives should specify shooting to kill when anyone pulls out a knife or screwdriver or whatever.”As member of Knesset, Avigdor Lieberman posted on Facebook that, in his opinion, the cabinet should decide that “terrorists must not be left alive”; in early 2017, when he was already Defense Minister, Lieberman proudly announced that “since the Elor Azaria case we have taken out 39 terrorists – not only what you do but what you say matters, and words do carry weight.” Prime Minister Netanyahu’s ongoing silence on the matter effectively sanctions this policy.

B’Tselem has warned in the past that shooting to kill is permitted only when the person targeted is endangering the lives of others. The fact that Israeli security forces have time and again killed Palestinians who posed no danger reveals a chilling disparity between the official prohibition on such conduct and reality, including the current atmosphere in Israel, in which shooting to kill is acceptable at any time and under any circumstance, even when the danger has passed. The explicit support of the authorities and the tacit consent of the legal system’s top officials – including the Attorney General and the Military Advocate General – have create a normative situation in which soldiers and police officers routinely play judge and executioner.

 

Killing of Sara Hajuj

Trigger-happy response to clashes, stone-throwing incidents, and demonstrations:

In 2016, Israeli security forces killed 17 Palestinians, including six minors, in confrontations that involved shooting or hurling of Molotov cocktails, during weekly protests in the West Bank and in Gaza, and in incidents in which Palestinians threw stones. Of these, 13 were killed in the West Bank and four during demonstrations held near the fence between Gaza and Israel.

At least fourteen of the casualties (82%) were shot dead while posing no threat. B’Tselem’s investigations indicate that of these, 11 were killed by live fire (including one person who was killed by .22-inch bullets, which the military wrongly classifies as “non-lethal”); another Palestinian youth was killed by a rubber-coated metal bullet that was fired in breach of regulation; another by a flare bomb, which is not meant to be used against people; and another demonstrator, a ten-year-old boy, was killed by a black sponge round that hit his chest. These people were killed by unlawful use of lethal weapons and their deaths cannot be justified.

Based on past experience, there are slim chances of anyone being held accountable for security forces killing Palestinians under circumstances that did not justify use of lethal means. The casualties of 2016 are the most recent among thousands of cases since the beginning of the occupation in 1967 – half a century of lack of accountability. There is almost no public discussion – and rarely, legal examination – of these matters in Israel; in the rare cases that do capture the public’s attention, the blame is cast upon low-ranking individual soldiers who acted in “unusual” circumstances. Yet thousands of incidents cannot be unusual. The responsibility for these deaths lies with the senior levels of government and military command, which approve the open-fire policy that causes them, as well as the subsequent whitewashing.

 
 
 
 
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24 avril 2017 1 24 /04 /avril /2017 09:37

Retour à la lune de miel entre Washington et Tel-Aviv

 

Diplomatie

Le chef du Pentagone met en garde Damas contre l'utilisation d'armes chimiques.

OLJ
22/04/2017
 
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Entre Washington et Tel-Aviv, la lune de miel est de retour. En visite en Israël, le secrétaire américain à la Défense Jim Mattis a multiplié les déclarations de soutien à Israël, notamment contre la menace iranienne, faisant le bonheur de ses hôtes. Le Premier ministre israélien Benjamin Netanyahu était tout sourire en accueillant le chef du Pentagone, saluant le « changement bienvenu » dans la politique américaine au Moyen-Orient depuis l'élection de M. Trump. Israël est particulièrement satisfait des « mots très clairs et très francs » de Donald Trump et de Jim Mattis contre l'Iran et ses activités « déstabilisatrices » au Moyen-Orient, a expliqué M. Netanyahu. Il a évoqué la possibilité de voir se constituer une sorte de front commun contre l'Iran et le groupe État islamique, reliant les États-Unis, Israël et des pays arabes. Il y a de « grandes opportunités devant nous parce que beaucoup de nos voisins arabes comprennent » qu'ils subissent les mêmes menaces, a-t-il déclaré. M. Mattis s'était montré sur la même longueur d'onde un peu plus tôt. « Notre alliance avec Israël est la pierre angulaire d'une structure de sécurité plus large qui inclut la coopération avec l'Égypte, la Jordanie, le royaume d'Arabie saoudite et nos partenaires du Golfe », a-t-il déclaré lors de sa conférence de presse au ministère de la Défense.
 

« Ses autres activités »
Les relations entre Israël et les États-Unis s'étaient tendues sous l'administration Obama sur la question notamment des territoires occupés.

Les désaccords avaient atteint un sommet avec l'accord sur le nucléaire iranien conclu en 2015 entre Téhéran et les grandes puissances, fierté de Barack Obama mais farouchement combattu par M. Netanyahu. I

nterrogé sur les intentions de l'administration américaine au sujet de cet accord, qualifié de « stupide » par Donald Trump, Jim Mattis s'est abstenu de prendre position sur le fond. « Les États-Unis ont signé » cet accord « et il continue d'être appliqué », s'est-il borné à indiquer. « En aucun cas » cela n'exonère l'Iran quant à ses « autres activités » dans la région, y compris au Yémen et en Syrie en guerre, a-t-il indiqué.

Donald Trump vient toutefois d'ordonner la réévaluation de l'accord afin d'examiner si la suspension des sanctions contre l'Iran est « vitale » pour les intérêts de sécurité nationale des États-Unis.


Les deux États ont également affiché leur détermination commune à empêcher le régime syrien de Bachar el-Assad d'utiliser à nouveau des armes chimiques. « Il ne peut y avoir aucun doute pour la communauté internationale que la Syrie a conservé des armes chimiques, en violation à son accord et à ses affirmations sur leur destruction », a affirmé M. Mattis devant la presse en présence du ministre israélien de la Défense Avigdor Lieberman.

« C'est une violation des résolutions du Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies, et elle devra être traitée au niveau diplomatique », a ajouté le chef du Pentagone, estimant que le régime syrien « prendrait une mauvaise décision en essayant d'utiliser à nouveau » des armes chimiques. « Nous avons été très clairs avec notre frappe », a-t-il assuré.

L'Organisation pour l'interdiction des armes chimiques (OIAC) avait annoncé mercredi que des tests prouvaient de manière « irréfutable » que du gaz sarin ou une substance similaire avaient été utilisés à Khan Cheikhoun début avril. Et une étude israélienne a montré que le régime Assad était toujours en possession de « plusieurs tonnes » d'armes chimiques, a confirmé un responsable militaire.

 

https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1047898/retour-a-la-lune-de-miel-entre-washington-et-tel-aviv.html

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