Overblog Suivre ce blog
Administration Créer mon blog
9 avril 2017 7 09 /04 /avril /2017 22:22
Dangereux immobilisme au Yémen
 
 
 
 
Deux ans après le lancement de l'offensive de la coalition arabe contre les Houthis, la situation au Yémen reste chaotique avec ni perdant, ni gagnant. L'hostilité américaine envers Téhéran, soutien des Houthis, pourrait éventuellement changer la donne.
 

Abir Taleb avec agences

 

 

05-04-2017

 
 
 
Lire aussi
Des lignes de front figées, des efforts de paix au point mort, une situation humanitaire catastrophique. Tel est l’état des lieux au Yémen, deux ans après le lancement, par une coalition militaire arabe menée par l’Arabie saoudite, d’une offensive contre les rebelles houthis, le 26 mars 2015.

 

Sur le plan militaire, c’est un dangereux statu quo qui prévaut à l’heure actuelle : chacun des belligérants maintenant ses positions. Ni avancée de l’un, ni recul de l’autre en quelque sorte. Et c’est justement cet immobilisme qui entrave toute tentative de résolution politique, aucune des parties n’étant prête à faire la moindre concession. En effet, jusqu’à présent, aucun signe d’apaisement ne se dessine après l’échec de sept trêves pilotées par l’Onu, et selon le médiateur de l’Onu, Ismaïl Ould Cheikh Ahmed, les belligérants refusent encore aujourd’hui de négocier.

Preuve de cette inertie, lors de la commémoration du lancement de l’offensive arabe, les rebelles chiites houthis et leurs alliés, les partisans de l’ex-président Ali Abdallah Saleh, ont marqué l’anniversaire en organisant une manifestation géante dans la capitale Sanaa qu’ils contrôlent, sous le slogan « Résistance à l’agression », se disant prêts à résister jusqu’au bout. Et, symboliquement, un tribunal rebelle a condamné à mort le président Abd-Rabbo Mansour Hadi pour « haute trahison », reconnu coupable d’avoir « usurpé le titre de président après la fin de son mandat », d’avoir « incité à l’agression menée par l’Arabie saoudite » et d’avoir « porté atteinte à l’indépendance et à l’intégrité territoriale de la République yéménite », a écrit l’agence rebelle Saba. Côté gouvernemental, un éditorial diffusé par l’agence de presse pro-Hadi a affirmé que « la montée en puissance des miliciens houthis cachait un plan iranien », visant non seulement le Yémen, mais aussi les pays du Golfe.

Voilà qui est dit. D’un côté comme de l’autre, les références aux parties externes sont directes, de quoi rappeler une fois de plus que la guerre au Yémen, c’est aussi et surtout une guerre par procuration entre les deux puissances rivales de la région, l’Arabie saoudite et l’Iran. D’ailleurs, lors du sommet de la Ligue arabe tenu le 29 mars dernier en Jordanie, les dirigeants arabes ont rejeté les ingérences étrangères dans leurs affaires. Sans nommer explicitement l’Iran, les leaders arabes ont dit, dans leur déclaration finale, « refuser toute ingérence dans les affaires internes arabes et toutes les tentatives visant à ébranler la sécurité, semer la dissension confessionnelle et attiser les conflits (...), en violation des relations de bon voisinage et des règlements internationaux ». Réponse de Téhéran : L’Iran a « annoncé de façon répétée qu’il n’intervenait pas dans les affaires intérieures des autres pays et se conformait toujours aux principes de bon voisinage et de respect de la souveraineté des gouvernements », a déclaré le porte-parole des Affaires étrangères, Bahram Ghasemi, cité par le site de son ministère.

Changement de position américain ?

Peu convaincant. L’enjeu est, en effet, crucial aussi bien pour Téhéran que pour Riyad. Si l’Arabie saoudite a toujours eu le soutien des Arabes, aujourd’hui, la balance peut pencher en sa faveur en raison d’un potentiel changement dans l’attitude de la nouvelle Administration américaine de Donald Trump. En effet, le président américain, grand ennemi de l’Iran, semble mieux disposé vis-à-vis de l’Arabie que son prédécesseur, Barack Obama. Ouvertement critique à l’égard de Téhéran, le général Joe Votel, chef des forces américaines au Moyen-Orient, a ainsi déclaré la semaine dernière que les Houthis ont déployé, « avec le soutien de l’Iran », des « missiles de défense côtière, des radars, des mines et des bateaux piégés, qui ont été amenés depuis le détroit d’Ormuz ». Ce qui, selon lui, menace la libre circulation dans le détroit stratégique de Bab Al-Mandeb. Le général Votel s’est d’ailleurs montré clairement hostile à la politique iranienne, soulignant que l’Iran a pour objectif de devenir « le pouvoir prédominant » au Moyen-Orient.

Mais l’inimitié de Washington à l’égard de Téhéran peut-elle changer la donne à travers un appui plus grand à Riyad ? Jusqu’à présent, Washington fournit des armes à la coalition et l’assiste en ravitaillement aérien et en renseignements. Il pourrait décider d’accroître ce soutien, afin d’envoyer un message de détermination face à l’Iran, relèvent Joost Hiltermann et April Alley, de l’International Crisis Group, cités par l’AFP. Selon la presse américaine, le secrétaire à la Défense Jim Mattis voudrait augmenter le soutien militaire à la coalition. Le secrétaire d’Etat américain a recommandé notamment d’aider les forces des Emirats arabes unis à chasser les rebelles du port de Hodeida, sur la mer Rouge, a indiqué la semaine dernière le Washington Post. Dans cette hypothèse, les militaires américains accentueraient leur soutien en matière de ravitaillement en vol et de renseignement qu’ils apportent déjà à la coalition arabe. Ils apporteraient également un soutien en matière de planification.

Tout cela n’est toutefois pas sans risque : les deux experts de l’International Crisis Group n’ont pas manqué d’avertir que « si Trump s’engage avec précipitation dans la guerre yéménite, il y a un risque réel que le conflit devienne hors de contrôle ».

 

http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1170/2/8/22734/Dangereux-immobilisme-au-Y%C3%A9men.aspx

Repost 0
Published by Al Ahram hebdo.eg.org (Egypte) - dans Regards Régional
commenter cet article
9 avril 2017 7 09 /04 /avril /2017 22:17
Palestinian leadership denounces deadly attacks on Coptic churches in Egypt
 
 
 
 
April 9, 2017 4:50 P.M. (Updated: April 9, 2017 4:50 P.M.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
RAMALLAH (Ma'an) -- Palestinian leadership denounced bomb attacks that targeted two Coptic churches in Egypt on Sunday, which left at least 40 killed and more than 100 injured amid Palm Sunday celebrations.

Eleven people were killed in an explosion outside Saint Mark's Cathedral in the Mediterranean coastal city of Alexandria, which was reportedly carried out by a suicide bomber. Head of Egypt’s Coptic Church Pope Tawadros II had been attending mass inside, though he was left unharmed, according to the Egyptian state media.

An earlier blast at the Saint George Church in the city of Tanta, located between Alexandria and Cairo, left 25 dead.

The so-called Islamic State reportedly claimed responsibility for both attacks, via its Amaq press agency.

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’s adviser for religious affairs Mahmoud al-Habbash denounced the attacks, which he described as a "criminal act incompatible with the bases of our true religion (Islam)."

Al-Habbash said the attacks sought to stoke unrest and sectarianism between Muslims and Christians in Arab communities, which he said have coexisted in brotherhood throughout the ages.

The Palestinian official rejected terrorism of all types, whether practices by individuals or by groups. "What happened today was a cowardly act, which we denounce in the strongest possible terms."

Al-Habbash affirmed that Palestinian leadership and the Palestinian people would continue to support Egypt in its efforts to counter acts of terrorism that plague the region.

Palestinian government spokesman Yousif al-Mahmoud later released a statement, which described the attacks as "brutal act on a place of worship.”

The Hamas movement also condemned the bombings, described the attacks as "a crime." Spokesman Fawzi Barhum said that "Hamas wishes safety, security, stability, and prosperity for Egypt and its people."

The attacks came on Palm Sunday, one of the holiest days of the Christian calendar, marking the entrance of Jesus to the city of Jerusalem. The incidents also came just weeks before Pope Francis is due to visit Egypt.

They were the latest in a series of assaults on Egypt's Coptic Christian minority, which makes up around 10 percent of the population of 92 million, who have been targeted by several attacks in recent months.

In December, a suicide bombing claimed by the Islamic State group killed 29 worshipers during Sunday mass in Cairo.

A spate of attacks in Egypt's restive Sinai Peninsula, including the murder of a Copt in the city of al-Arish whose house was also burned, have led some Coptic families to flee their homes.

About 250 Christians took refuge in the Suez Canal city of Ismailiya after the Islamic State released a video in February calling for attacks on the religious minority.

Fighting between Egyptian forces and the local Islamic State affiliate the Sinai Province has escalated since Egyptian President Abd al-Fattah al-Sisi took power from Muhammad Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood in 2013.

Al-Sisi has come under attack over his violent suppression of Muslim Brotherhood members following his rise to power, which al-Sisi has argued is necessary to deter future attacks in the Sinai and across Egypt.

 
 
Repost 0
Published by Ma'an News agency.com (Palestine) - dans Regards Régional
commenter cet article
8 avril 2017 6 08 /04 /avril /2017 23:12
Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (30 March – 05 April 2017)
 
 
 
 

Israeli forces continue systematic crimes in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt)

(30 March – 05 April 2017)

 

  • Israeli forces killed a Palestinian from Nablus in occupied Jerusalem
  • 22 Palestinian civilians, including 3 children and a journalist, were wounded.
  • Israeli forces continued to target the border areas in the Gaza Strip, but no casualties were reported
  • Israeli forces conducted 57 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 11 incursions into occupied Jerusalem and its suburbs.
  • 73 civilians, including 16 children, were arrested in the West Bank.
  • 23 of them, including 11 children, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem and its suburbs.
  • Israeli forces continued their efforts to create Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem.
  • Israeli forces demolished 16 residential apartments in al-Za’im village and forced 3 civilians to self-demolish their houses.
  • 34 civilians were displaced, including 16 children.
  • Israeli forces continued their settlement activities in the West Bank.
  • 20 dunums were demolished from Deir Balout lands, and 135 olive trees were uprooted from Deiristayah in Salfit.
  • Israeli forces turned the West Bank into cantons and continued to impose the illegal closure on the Gaza Strip for the 10th
  • Dozens of temporary checkpoints were established in the West Bank and others were re-established to obstruct the movement of Palestinian civilians.
  • 5 Palestinian civilians were arrested at military checkpoints in the West Bank.

 

Summary

Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (30 March – 05 April 2017).

 

Shooting:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian child from Nablus in Jerusalem’s Old City. Meanwhile, they wounded 22 other civilians, including 3 children and a photojournalist, in the West Bank. In the Gaza Strip, Israeli forces continued to open fire at the farmers in the border areas.

In the West Bank, in a new crime of using excessive force, on 01 April 2017, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian child, Ahmed Ghazal (17), from Nablus, after stabbing settlers on al-Wad Street in Jerusalem’s Old City. They chased the abovmeentioned child, who fled towards the entry of a small building. The Israeli forces then fired around 25 bullets at him from a close distance, so Ghazal immediately died. Eyewitnesses emphasized that the shooting occurred immediately after they raided the building, so they could have arrested the child especially that the building is small and was completely surrounded. Moreover, there was only one exit.

In the same context, on 30 March 2017, 16 civilians, including 2 children, were wounded when dozens of Palestinian civilians and human rights defenders organized a peaceful protest commemorating the Earth Day in Salman Mount, south of Nablus, and planted olive trees in a land threatened of confiscation. Two of the wounded persons were hit with live bullets while the rest were hit with metal bullets.

On the same day, a 25-year-old civilian was hit with a bullet to the left thigh when Israeli forces moved into Tubas to carry out an arrest campaign. Therefore, a number of civilians protested against them.

On 31 March 2017, a 14-year-old child was wounded when Israeli forces stationed at the southern entrance to Ni’lin village, west of Ramallah, opened fire at him. They then arrested the child and took him to a hospital in Israel.

On the same day, Israeli forces wounded 3 civilians, including a photojournalist in Palestine TV while participating in Kafr Qadoum protest, north of Qalqilya.

On 05 April 2017, Akram al-Atrash (23) was hit with 3 bullets to the shoulder, hand and chest when Israeli undercover units dressed like Palestinians “Mosta’arbeen” sneaked into al-Dheishah refugee camp, south of Bethlehem to carry out an arrest campaign.

In the Gaza Strip, as part of targeting the border areas, on 03 April 2017, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between Israel and the Gaza Strip, east of Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at the agricultural lands in al-Fokhari and Khuza’ah villages. No casualties were reported.

On 04 April 2017, Israeli planes sprayed crop-killing pesticides on the agricultural lands to the west of the border fence between Israel and Gaza Strip, northeast of al-Qararah village, east of Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip. Farmers there emphasized that they saw small planes flying low in the area. The farmers added that those planes started spraying pesticides over 300-400 meters of the lands to the west of the fence before moving to the north to the eastern side of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip.

 

Incursions:

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 57 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 11 ones into occupied Jerusalem and its suburbs. During those incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 73 Palestinian civilians, including 16 children. Twenty-three of them, including 11 children, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem.

 

Creating Jewish Majority in Occupied East Jerusalem:

In the context of house demolitions, the Israeli Municipality vehicles demolished 3 residential facilities, walls and an agricultural room in Za’im village, east of the city, under the pretext of non-licensing. Those facilities are comprised of 3 buildings, which include 16 apartments; two of which were inhabited, 8 were ready for housing and 6 were under construction. Moreover, the bulldozers demolished an agricultural room and walls surrounding 3 plots of lands. It should be mentioned that the two inhabited apartments used to shelter 11 persons.

In the same context, Hafez al-Rajabi self-demolished his house on the same day in Beit Hanina village, north of East occupied Jerusalem, upon a decision by the Israeli municipality, in order to avoid paying the demolition costs to the municipality staff. The 120-square-meter house was built 15 years ago and sheltered a family of 7 members, including 4 children.

in the same context, Fayez and Soliman ‘Abdel Latif Ja’abis was forced to self-demolishe their houses in al-Mukaber Mount village, southeast of occupied Jerusalem, upon a decision by the Israeli municipality. The two houses were built on an area of 150 square meters 3 years ago and sheltered two families of 16 members, including 12 children.

 

Settlement Activities and settlers’ attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property:

On 30 March 2017, Israeli forces levelled Palestinian lands belonging to the Deir Balout Municpality, west of Salfit. Local sources said that the Israeli municipality bulldozers levelled so far 20 dunums out of 72 dunums intended to be levelled. those lands belong to the families of Samarah, ‘Abdel Rahman and ‘Abdullah and were levelled for the interest of expanding “Arayel” settlement and its industrial area.

On 03 April 2017, Israeli forces uprooted 135 olive trees from Qana Valley lands belonging to the Deiristiya Municipality, northwest of Salfit, under the pretext that “they are obstacles in the Natural Reserve.” A 35-meter retaining wall was also demolished under the pretext of changing the area.

In the same context, on 27 March 2017, a group of settlers from Gel’ad settlement established on the Palestinian lands of Jeet village, northeast of Qalqilya, attacked farmers from the abovementioned village while ploughing their land there.

 

Restrictions on movement:

Israel continued to impose a tight closure of the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has been steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli authorities impose measures to undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 9 consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other countries around the world. This resulted in grave violations of the economic, social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 2 million people. The Israeli authorities have established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Strip’s economy. They also aim at imposing a complete ban on the Gaza Strip’s exports.

The Israeli closure raised the rate of poverty to 65%. Moreover, the rate of unemployment increased up to 47% and youth constitutes 65% of the unemployed persons. Moreover, 80% of the Gaza Strip population depends on international aid to secure their minimum daily needs. These rates indicate the unprecedented economic deterioration in the Gaza Strip.

In the West Bank, Israeli forces continued to suffocate the Palestinian cities and village by imposing military checkpoints around and/or between them. This created “cantons” isolated from each other that hinders the movement of civilians. Moreover, the Palestinian civilians suffering aggravated because of the annexation wall and checkpoints erected on daily basis to catch Palestinians.

 

 

Détails

 

 

............................(...................).............................................

 

 

Recommendations to the International Community

PCHR emphasizes the international community’s position that the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are still under Israeli occupation, in spite of Israeli military redeployment outside the Gaza Strip in 2005. PCHR further confirms that Israeli forces continued to impose collective punishment measures on the Gaza Strip, which have escalated since the 2006 Palestinian parliamentary elections, in which Hamas won the majority of seats of the Palestinian Legislative Council. PCHR stresses that there is international recognition of Israel’s obligation to respect international human rights instruments and the international humanitarian law, especially the Hague Regulations concerning the Laws and Customs of War on Land and the Geneva Conventions. Israel is bound to apply the international human rights law and the law of war sometime reciprocally and other times in parallel in a way that achieves the best protection for civilians and remedy for victims.

 

In light of continued arbitrary measures, land confiscation and settlement activities in the West Bank, and the latest 51-day offensive against civilians in the Gaza Strip, PCHR calls upon the international community, especially the United Nations, the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Convention and the European Union – in the context of their natural obligation to respect and enforce the international law – to cooperate and act according to the following recommendations:

 

  1. PCHR calls upon the international community and the United Nations to use all available means to allow the Palestinian people to enjoy their right to self-determination, through the establishment of the Palestinian State, which was recognized by the UN General Assembly with a vast majority, using all international legal mechanisms, including sanctions to end the occupation of the State of Palestine;
  2. PCHR calls upon the United Nations to provide international protection to Palestinians in the oPt, and to ensure the non-recurrence of aggression against the oPt, especially the Gaza Strip;
  3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to compel Israel, as a High Contracting Party to the Conventions, to apply the Conventions in the oPt;
  4. PCHR calls upon the Parties to international human rights instruments, especially the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, to pressurize Israel to comply with their provisions in the oPt, and to compel it to incorporate the human rights situation in the oPt in its reports submitted to the concerned committees;
  5. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to fulfil their obligations to ensure the application of the Conventions, including extending the scope of their jurisdiction in order to prosecute suspected war criminals, regardless of the nationality of the perpetrator and the place of a crime, to pave the way for prosecuting suspected Israeli war criminals and end the longstanding impunity they have enjoyed;
  6. PCHR calls upon States that apply the principle of universal jurisdiction not to surrender to Israeli pressure to limit universal jurisdiction to perpetuate the impunity enjoyed by suspected Israeli war criminals;
  7. PCHR calls upon the international community to act in order to stop all Israeli settlement expansion activities in the oPt through imposing sanctions on Israeli settlements and criminalizing trading with them;
  8. PCHR calls upon the United Nations to confirm that holding war criminals accountable in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict is a precondition to achieve stability and peace in the regions, and that peace cannot be built on the expense of human rights;
  9. PCHR calls upon the UN General Assembly and Human Rights Council to explicitly declare that the Israeli closure policy in Gaza and the annexation wall in the West Bank are illegal, and accordingly refer the two issues to the UN Security Council to impose sanctions on Israel to compel it to remove them;
  10. PCHR calls upon the international community, particularly the UN, in light of its failure to the stop the aggression on the Palestinian people, to at least fulfil its obligation to reconstruct the Gaza Strip after the series of hostilities launched by Israel which directly targeted the civilian infrastructure;
  11. PCHR calls upon the United Nations and the European Union to express a clear position towards the annexation wall following the international recognition of the State of Palestine on the 1967 borders, as the annexation wall seizes large parts of the State of Palestine;
  12. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the EU-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that both sides must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel, and the EU must not ignore Israeli violations and crimes against Palestinian civilians;

 

 

 

 

…………………………………………………………

Public Document

For further information please visit our website www.pchrgaza.org or contact PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email pchr@pchrgaza.org or telephone +972 08 282 4776 – 282 5893.

 

http://pchrgaza.org/en/?p=8994

Repost 0
Published by PCHR.org - dans Regards Régional
commenter cet article
8 avril 2017 6 08 /04 /avril /2017 23:07

Palestinians banned from entering Al-Aqsa perform Friday prayer at mosque's gate

 
 
 
April 7, 2017 10:25 P.M. (Updated: April 7, 2017 10:26 P.M.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
JERUSALEM (Ma’an) -- A group of Palestinian worshipers performed Friday prayers at the Lion’s Gate outside the walls to the Old City in occupied East Jerusalem, in protest of the Israeli ban against them, preventing them from entering the Al-Aqsa mosque for prayers.

The Jerusalemites, mostly young men, were previously banned from entering the Al-Aqsa mosque by Israeli authorities for time periods ranging between one to six months, for various reasons.

Israeli forces deployed in the area during the prayer and detained two youths identified as Hamza Milhis and Muhammad al-Shalabi for allegedly being banned from approaching the gates of Al-Aqsa, despite locals’ claims that the original orders issued against them did not ban them from approaching the gates.

An Israeli police spokesperson was not immediately available for comment.

An employee of the Islamic Waqf, the organization in charge of managing the affairs of the compound, Tariq al-Hashlamoun, who was banned from entering the mosque for six months, told Ma’an that the worshipers prayed to show Israeli authorities that even if they are banned from entering Al-Aqsa mosque, they will pray at the gates of the mosque.

Jerusalemite Thaer Abu Sbeih, who was banned from entering al-Aqsa mosque for 6 months, said that Israeli authorities have banned him from entering al-Aqsa mosque seven consecutive times, for periods between three to six months.

Abu Sbeih told Ma’an that the bans “increase our love and determination for Al-Aqsa mosque,” as he called upon all Palestinians who are allowed to access the holy site to “reinforce their presence and visits to al-Aqsa mosque.”

Head of Jerusalemites prisoners’ families committee Amjad Abu Asab said that an Israeli order was recently issued against him, banning him from entering Al-Aqsa for a month, adding that Israeli authorities have enacted the bans “as a punitive procedure against Jerusalemites.”

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Repost 0
Published by Ma'an News agency.com (Palestine) - dans Regards Régional
commenter cet article
8 avril 2017 6 08 /04 /avril /2017 23:01

  

State of Palestine

Palestine Liberation Organization
Negotiations Affairs Department

 

Easter Celebrations
50 Years of Israel’s Colonization of Occupied East Jerusalem

April 2017

In the 50 years since Israel has occupied East Jerusalem (an integral part of the Occupied State Palestine along with the rest of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) and the almost 70 years since the expulsion of two-thirds of the Palestinian Muslim and Christian population from the rest of historical Palestine (including West Jerusalem), successive Israeli governments have introduced numerous measures to promote an exclusively Jewish historical narrative in the Holy Land. This can be seen no more clearly than in the heart of occupied East Jerusalem.
 
 
Through decades of Israeli policies aimed at transforming Jerusalem into “the undivided capital of the Jewish people”, Israel is actively negating and eradicating Jerusalem’s Palestinian, Christian and Muslim heritage and culture, irrevocably damaging not only the lives and social fabric of the indigenous Palestinian population, but the very spirit of the city itself.
 
 
Part one of this brief highlights some of the ways in which Israel has been altering the character of Jerusalem over the years, as well as explaining the political status of the city. Part two focuses on the changing nature of Easter celebrations in occupied East Jerusalem, through the personal stories of the indigenous Christians- Palestinians whose families have lived in and around the city for centuries.

Click here to read the full Fact Sheet: 
Celebrating Easter: 50 Years of Israel’s Colonization of Occupied East Jerusalem
 

Repost 0
Published by State of Palestine - dans Regards Régional
commenter cet article
8 avril 2017 6 08 /04 /avril /2017 22:54
Publish Date: 2017/04/08
 
 
Palestinians mark Sunday 69 years for the Deir Yassin massacre
 
 
 

 

 

One of many images showing the atrocities of the Deir Yassin massacre.

RAMALLAH, April 8, 2017 (WAFA) – Palestinians mark on Sunday 69 years for the massacre of Deir Yassin, a Palestinian village at the western entrance to Jerusalem, where Zionist terror gangs lead by former Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin murdered and executed in 1948 between 250 and 360 Palestinian women, men and children.

Survivors of the massacres reported on the atrocities done on that day and said armed gangs raided the village of 750 people around 3 in the morning of April 9.

They were confronted by resistance from the local population and following an exchange of gunfire and the killing of four Jewish terrorists and wounding of others, reinforcements were brought to the village.

The Zionist gangs opened indiscriminate fire at the civilian population and bombarded the homes with shells causing a large number of civilian casualties and destruction.

After capturing the village few hours later, the Jewish gangs forced people to stand by the walls and opened fire at them execution style.

Some were even paraded in cars in areas of Jerusalem captured by the Zionist gangs in a festive show of victory over the indigenous Palestinian Arab population.

It is believed that news of the Deir Yassin massacre forced many Palestinian civilians to flee their villages fearing a similar fate if they stay behind.

Deir Yassin was razed after 1948 and replaced by a Jewish town named Givat Shaul.

M.K.

 

http://english.wafa.ps/page.aspx?id=713kJja72519771588a713kJj

Repost 0
Published by WAFA Palestine News & Information agency - dans Regards Régional
commenter cet article
8 avril 2017 6 08 /04 /avril /2017 22:51

Cause palestinienne

BDS Maroc célèbre la semaine contre l'apartheid israélien

 
 
 
Ayoub Lahrache,LE MATIN
 
 
 
28 Mars 2017
109
Facebook Tweet Google +
Cause-palestinienne-b.jpg
 
 
 
Les participants ont a mis en avant la politique d’apartheid pratiquée par le gouvernement israélien.
 

Les défenseurs de la cause palestinienne au Maroc se dressent contre les agissements de l’État d’Israël contre le peuple palestinien.

Célébrant la semaine contre l'apartheid israélien, le mouvement BDS Maroc a organisé une conférence lundi dernier au siège de l’institut des Hautes Études de management (HEM) à Casablanca. Animée par la militante française Michèle Sibony, la conférence a été modérée par le défenseur de la cause palestinienne Simon Assidon.

Interdite dans plusieurs villes européennes, la semaine anti-apartheid israélien est célébrée au Maroc du 14 au 31 mars. Rencontres, conférences, et campagne de sensibilisation étaient au rendez-vous. Dans ce sens, une conférence-débat autour du thème «Comment prétendre être un État démocratique et pratiquer l’apartheid» a été organisée lundi dernier au siège de l’institut des Hautes Études de management (HEM) à Casablanca.

Animée par la militante et membre de l’Union juive française pour la paix (UJFP) Michèle Sibony, cette rencontre a été l’occasion pour revenir sur les exactions et les abus imposés par l’État d’Israël aux citoyens palestiniens. Farouche opposante aux politiques ségrégationnistes de Tel-Aviv, Mme Sibony a fortement critiqué le silence des médias et des gouvernements occidentaux face à ces agissements. Insistant sur la reconnaissance des droits du peuple palestinien, condition sine qua non pour la paix dans la région, la militante a rappelé les relations entre le sionisme et les idéologies européennes de la fin du 19e siècle.

Rappelant que l’apartheid est un crime contre l’humanité, Mme Sibony a dénoncé une «certaine complaisance» des forces occidentales vis-à-vis d’Israël qui se présente au monde comme «une exception démocratique» dans la région. Dans ce sens, la militante a rappelé le sort du dernier rapport onusien accusant Israël d'imposer «un régime d'apartheid» au peuple palestinien. Retiré du site de l’Organisation, ce rapport a été à l’origine de la démission de la secrétaire générale adjointe des Nations unies, Rima Khalaf, qui l'avait mis en ligne. La parole a été également donnée à la militante palestinienne résidant à Londres et coordinatrice du mouvement BDS Europe, Raya Hassane, afin de mieux exposer les souffrances du peuple palestinien. Revenant sur les différentes périodes de l’histoire de ce conflit qui dure depuis 1948, la militante a mis en avant la politique d’apartheid pratiquée par le gouvernement israélien.

Rappelant les crimes commis contre les populations civiles, notamment dans la région de Nakab, dans le sud de la Palestine, la militante a affirmé que plusieurs villages ont été vidés de leurs habitants, contraints à migrer vers les villes et les pays voisins.

 
 
Repost 0
Published by Le Matin.ma (Maroc) - dans Regards Régional
commenter cet article
7 avril 2017 5 07 /04 /avril /2017 08:00

Israeli forces detain 33 Palestinians during overnight raids in West Bank, East Jérusalem

 
 
April 6, 2017 6:11 P.M. (Updated: April 6, 2017 7:47 P.M.)
 
 
(File)
BETHLEHEM (Ma'an) -- Israeli forces detained at least 33 Palestinians between Wednesday and Thursday during overnight raids carried out in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, according to Israeli and Palestinian sources.

An Israeli army spokesperson told Ma’an that 18 of those confirmed as detained by the army were suspected of “terrorist activities.”

In the Shufat refugee camp in occupied East Jerusalem, Yasin Khamis Ibrahim was detained by Israeli forces, according to the Palestinian Prisoner’s Society (PPS).

In the neighborhood of Issawiya in East Jerusalem, a member of a local follow-up committee Muhammad Abu al-Hummus said that undercover Israeli forces dressed up as civilians raided the central part of the neighborhood late on Wednesday, causing clashes to erupt between Palestinian youths and Israeli forces.

According to Abu al-Hummus, an Israeli undercover unit raided the area, detaining two youths who he identified as Muhammad Ahmad Ubeid and Nimr Nasser Mahmoud.

He also reported that Israeli forces had opened live fire on the community during the clashes, and fired rubber-coated steel bullets “randomly” at Palestinian homes in the area.

In the northern occupied West Bank, Israeli forces carried out raids in the Jenin district, detaining a Palestinian from the Jenin refugee camp for being an alleged Hamas operative, according to an Israeli army spokesperson.

A statement released by PPS confirmed the detention in the Jenin refugee camp, identifying the Palestinian as Islam Ali Azaiza.

In Tulkarem, Israeli forces detained three Palestinians from Nur Shams refugee camp, identified by PPS as Ismail Izzat Jaber, 24, Ramez Abd al-Hakim Elayyan, 20, and Imad Mahmoud Masharqa, 30.

Adel Hani Omar, 22, was also detained in the Tulkarem-area village of Farun, while Ahmad al-Araj, 26, and Bassam Mari, 46, were detained in the village of Dhinnaba.

An Israeli army spokesperson confirmed all six detentions in Tulkarem.

The spokesperson also told Ma’an that a Palestinian was detained in the village of al-Aqaba in the district of Tubas.

In Nablus, Izzat Yamin was detained from the village of Tell, according to PPS.

An Israeli army spokesperson confirmed the detention in Nablus, noting that the detention was carried out over suspicions that the Palestinian was an alleged Hamas operative.

Meanwhile, Ayoub Abu Haniyeh, Qais Shbeita, Wajeh Akram Silat, and Musab Radwan were detained from Qalqiliya, according to PPS, which stated that Abu Haniyeh and Shbeita were detained from the village of Azzun.

The spokesperson confirmed one detention in Qalqiliya city, while also confirming the two detained in Azzun, one of whom was detained for being an alleged Hamas operative.

Meanwhile, in the central West Bank district of Ramallah and al-Bireh, three Palestinians were detained.

PPS said that Yahya Hassan al-Khatib was detained from the village of Beit Rima, while Basil Ezghir and Maher al-Khatib were detained from Umm al-Sharayit.

An Israeli army spokesperson confirmed a detention in Beit Rima, saying that the detainee was an alleged Hamas operative, and confirmed the detentions in Umm al-Sharayit. The spokesperson added that three additional detentions were carried out in the district, including a Palestinian from the village of Silwad.

PPS also reported that four unidentified Palestinians were detained from the West Bank’s Jerusalem district.

Towards the south, in the Bethlehem district, PPS reported four detentions.

Marwan Hussein Issa was detained from the village of al-Khader; Khalil Khader Shukeh was detained from Bethlehem city, Ahmad Zaal al-Sahouri was detained from Zaatara, and Hussein Abu Raad, a lawyer, was detained from the village of Marah Rabah in southern Bethlehem.

An Israeli army spokesperson confirmed each of the detentions in Bethlehem, along with their respective villages.

In Hebron, Ahmad Yousif Hassan Ikhlayyil, 29, and Issa Ali Issa Awwad, 30, were detained by Israeli forces in the village of Beit Ummar, according to PPS, while Assim Marwan al-Tarturi was detained in Hebron city.

An Israeli army spokesperson confirmed these detentions.

Israeli raids in Palestinian towns, villages, and refugee camps are a daily occurrence in the occupied West Bank. The UN recorded an average of 95 weekly raids in the occupied West Bank in 2016, and a biweekly average of 78 raids thus far in 2017.

According to prisoners’ rights group Addameer, 6,500 Palestinians were held in Israeli prisons as of January.

 
 
Repost 0
Published by Ma'an News agency.com (Palestine) - dans Regards Régional
commenter cet article
7 avril 2017 5 07 /04 /avril /2017 07:51

Israeli Border Police kill Siham Nimer in unjustified shooting after she brandished scissors at them

Published:
4 Apr 2017

Siham NimerOn the afternoon of 29 March 2017, Siham Nimer, 49, approached a metal police barrier near Damascus Gate, the Old City, East Jerusalem. She brandished a pair of scissors at Border Police officers who were standing on the other side of the barrier, and they shot and killed her.

A screenshot from a security camera installed in the area, released by the police, shows Siham holding up the scissors while standing behind the police barrier.

It is quite doubtful whether Siham could have, in the circumstances, crossed the barrier, proceeded toward the officers and put them in danger.

Moreover, given the officers’ protective gear and the means they had at their disposal, it stands to reason that they would have been able to subdue her and take her into custody without resorting to gunfire, let alone lethal gunfire. Nevertheless, they shot and killed her.

Jerusalem District Police Commander Major General Yoram Halevy said of the officers’ actions that their “determined, uncompromising response nipped the attempted attack in the bud and prevented further harm to innocents”.

There is an irreconcilable gap between the facts of the case and the district commander’s statement which, coupled with similar sentiments expressed by other senior ranking officials and a mood of general hostility ever since October 2015, encourages security personnel to shoot to kill even in cases such as this one, where lethal measures are unjustified.

Siham Nimer was the mother of Mustafa Nimer, 26, who was shot and killed by police in Shu’fat Refugee Camp on 5 September 2016.

The police said the driver of the car he was a passenger in at the time had been driving erratically under the influence of drugs and alcohol. In both cases, the security forces’ trigger happy policies with regard to Palestinians have resulted in needless death.

B’Tselem has already repeatedly stated that shooting to kill is permissible only when the target puts others’ lives at risk.

This is yet another case in which security forces acted completely at variance with this, and received full support for their actions.

The continued policy of using lethal fire against Palestinians who pose no mortal danger attests to a chilling gap between the recognized and accepted principle that prohibits this use of gunfire, and a reality in which shoot-to-kill incidents are a frequent occurrence and are encouraged by public sentiment, even when suspects no longer poses any danger, if they ever even posed a serious threat in the first place.

 

http://www.btselem.org/firearms/20170404_killing_of_siham_nimer

Repost 0
Published by B'Tselem.org (Israel) - dans Regards Régional
commenter cet article
7 avril 2017 5 07 /04 /avril /2017 07:49

L’UE proteste vivement contre les démolitions de maisons palestiniennes en Zone C, et avertit que cela conduira à un « transfert forcé »

 

 

Une rencontre de routine entre le directeur du ministère israélien des Affaires étrangères et les envoyés de l’UE la semaine dernière a été transformée en protestation par les États européens contre le projet d’Israël de démolir un village bédouin.

 

L’Union européenne a exigé qu’Israël cesse de démolir les maisons des Palestiniens en Zone C en Cisjordanie, et particulièrement s’agissant du village bédouin de Khan al-Ahmar proche de la colonie Ma’aleh Adumim car cela entraînerait un transfert forcé de ses habitants et constituerait une violation de la Convention de Genève.

Selon les diplomates israéliens et européens, ce message sévère, au nom de tous les membres de l’UE, a été adressé la semaine dernière par l’ambassadeur de l’UE en Israël, Lars Faaborg-Andersen, au nouveau directeur-général du ministère des Affaires étrangères d’Israël, Yuval Rotem.

Les diplomates israéliens et européens ont déclaré que, la semaine dernière, Rotem avait tenu sa première réunion avec les ambassadeurs de tous les États membres de l’UE en Israël. La réunion, qui s’est tenue à l’Hôtel Dan à Tel Aviv, devait être une réunion d’informations de routine avec les envoyés de l’UE, mais qu’elle s’est transformée, au moins au départ, en une confrontation sur la politique du gouvernement en Zone C, où Israël exerce un contrôle civil et sécurité total.

Immédiatement après le début de la rencontre, Faaborg-Andersen a annoncé qu’il profitait de la réunion pour envoyer un message qui avait été approuvé par la commission Sécurité et Diplomatie de l’UE, dans laquelle tous les 28 États membres sont représentés. Le document, obtenu par Haaretz, est rédigé en termes vigoureux et qualifie Israël de « puissance occupante ».

« La mise en œuvre de mesures d’exécution telles que les transferts forcés, les expulsions, les démolitions et confiscations de maisons et de biens humanitaires (notamment financés par l’UE) et l’entrave à la fourniture de l’aide humanitaire, sont contraires aux obligations d’Israël en vertu du droit international, y compris et en particulier des dispositions spécifiques de la IVe Convention de Genève… et causent des souffrances aux Palestiniens ordinaires », affirme le document qui a été lu à voix haute par Faaborg-Andersen lors de la réunion.

« Nous demandons par conséquent à Israël, en tant que puissance occupante, de remplir ses obligations vis-à-vis de la population palestinienne en Zone C, de cesser totalement les démolitions et confiscations, et de laisser un plein accès à l’aide militaire. Nous demandons instamment à Israël d’accélérer les agréments aux plans directeurs palestiniens, de cesser les transferts forcés de la population et les démolitions des logements et infrastructures des Palestiniens ; de simplifier les procédures administratives pour l’obtention du permis de construire, d’assurer l’accès à l’eau, et de répondre aux besoins humanitaires ».

Selon les diplomates : une atmosphère très tendue

Selon les diplomates présents, Rotem a été déconcerté par le message. L’atmosphère était très tendue et Rotem a cyniquement remarqué, « Quelle merveilleuse façon de commencer une première rencontre avec le directeur-général du ministère des Affaires étrangères ». Le porte-parole du ministère, Emmanuel Nahshon, a confirmé la remise de la protestation et du document par les ambassadeurs européens, mais il a déclaré aussi que la rencontre elle-même avait été conduite de façon professionnelle.

L’UE et ses États membres ont exprimé leurs préoccupations concernant la politique israélienne en Zone C depuis quelques temps. Néanmoins, cette protestation avait lieu dans le contexte de la remise d’une notification pour la démolition de toutes les 42 maisons de Khan al-Ahmar, village situé dans la zone stratégique appelée E1 qui relie Ma’ale Adumin à Jérusalem. L’UE craint que la démolition de ce village n’augure la construction d’une nouvelle colonie de peuplement sur le site.

Les habitants de Khan al-Amar vivent dans des structures temporaires sans aucunes commodités. Les Bédouins ici et dans les régions environnantes sont parmi les groupes les plus pauvres de Cisjordanie. Bien que toutes les structures du village aient été montées illégalement, l’Administration civile fermait les yeux depuis des années. Le village est le site de « l’école de pneus », une structure faite de vieux pneus qui enseigne à des centaines d’élèves de plusieurs villages bédouins non reconnus de la région. L’école, construite avec un financement italien, est devenue un symbole de la lutte des Bédouins contre la démolition du village.

Alfano Angelino, ministre des Affaires étrangères d’Italie, venu en Israël il y a deux semaines, a soulevé la question de la démolition de ce village lors de sa rencontre avec le Premier ministre Benjamin Netanyahu. Alfano a demandé au Premier ministre de réexaminer la démolition, mais sa requête a été catégoriquement rejetée. « Tout comme nous n’avons pas approuvé la construction illégale d’Amona par les Juifs, nous n’autoriserons pas davantage de constructions illégales par les Palestiniens » a dit Netanyhu.

La lettre lue par Faaborg-Andersen lors de la rencontre avec Rotem faisait mention spécifiquement de Khan al-Ahmar, ne serait-ce que parce que l’Italie et certains autres pays avaient contribué au financement des structures prévues pour la démolition.

« Environ 140 réfugiés palestiniens qui vivent dans la communauté depuis les années 1950 risqueraient un transfert forcé » a déclaré Faaborg-Andersen en lisant le texte. « En outre, 170 élèves de l’école de Khan al-Ahmar, qui dessert aussi les communautés environnantes, seraient laissés sans accès à l’enseignement. Nous demandons instamment à Israël de n’entreprendre aucune démolition dans la communauté. L’UE et les États membres de l’UE sont unis dans l’opinion que la Zone C est d’une importance cruciale pour la viabilité d’un futur État palestinien ».

Repost 0
Published by AURDIP.org / Haaretz.com (Israel) - dans Regards Régional
commenter cet article